Archive | Subscribe | Printer-Friendly Version | Advertise | | TAPPI Press Catalog January 2020
Be more efficient and keep up-to-date with TAPPI Standards & TIPs... Access them online either as a subscriber to either an Individual or Company License. See information on the Web for Individual Licenses and Company Licenses or call TAPPI at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (International).
New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

The below Standards were approved for publication at the last SARG meeting on October 2, 2019 and have now been published.

T 240 om-19 Consistency (concentration) of pulp suspensions (Revised)

T 453 sp-19 Effect of dry heat on properties of paper and board (Reaffirmed)

T 527 om-19 Color of paper and paperboard (d/0, C/2) (Reaffirmed)

T 544 cm-19 Aging of paper and board with moist heat (Reaffirmed)

T 545 om-19 Cross-machine grammage profile measurement (gravimetric method) (Revised)

T 1200 sp-19 Interlaboratory evaluation of test methods to determine TAPPI repeatability and reproducibility (Reaffirmed)

T 1211 sp-19 Self-certification practice for organizations providing reference materials for TAPPI Standards (Revised)

The following TIPs have been withdrawn by the recommendation of the Working Group Chair:

TIP 0304-20 Calibration of flexible beam crush tester  WGC: Mike Jackson

TIP 0304-42 Go/no go gauge devices for the boxplant  WGC: Tom Allen

TIP 0305-07 Purchase order  WGC: Steve Schmidt

TIP 0305-26 Introduction to the flow chart  WGC: Steve Schmidt

TIP 0305-44 Counter ejector section  WGC: John Semenske

TIP 0306-16 Guideline for direct contact printing bar code symbols on corrugated has been withdrawn due to outdated information. A current version is available for purchase through the Fibre Box Association bookstore (FBA) at

The following TIPs were withdrawn as they will be re-issued as Useful Methods (UM).

TIP 0304-19 Curtain coating weight test WGC: Mike Jackson

TIP 0304-33 Proper methods of measuring starch adhesive viscosity WGC: Peter Snyder 

TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item.

0404 - Water Removal

01/08/2020 TIP 0404-47 Paper machine performance guidelines WGC: Richard A. Reese

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to

General Announcements

APPI Journal Joining the Open Access Movement

An internationally recognized technical publication for over 60 years, TAPPI Journal (TJ) publishes the latest and most relevant research on the forest products and related industries. A stringent peer-review process and distinguished editorial board of academic and industry experts set TAPPI Journal apart as a reliable source for impactful basic and applied research and technical reviews.

Beginning in 2020, TJ is joining the Open Access (OA) movement and improving the accessibility of its published articles. The OA movement increases researcher engagement and makes research more visible and accessible. This new format will be able to better help researchers meet their funding and grant application requirements and potentially increase the number of citations.

As in the past, TAPPI Journal is maintaining its rigorous peer review process and the copyright remains with the author. And, unlike other technical journals, TJ does not require a publication fee.

For the first year after publication, TAPPI members will be able to download articles published in TAPPI Journal for free as an exclusive member benefit and nonmembers can download the articles for a fee. On the one year anniversary of the issue’s publication, the articles will be accessible at no charge to everyone.

And, if that weren’t enough, your paper could win the $2,000 Honghi Tran TAPPI Journal Best Paper Prize presented at PaperCon. Submit your abstract today. 

Members for Working Groups of TIPs needed

Volunteers for the following working groups of Technical Information Papers (TIPs) may be needed.

All Working Groups of TIPs require a minimum of 3 TAPPI members from 3 different companies in order to review a TIP.

TIP 0301-01 Corrugated boxplant - list of potential hazards (formerly TIP 0304-55) WGC: Tom Allen (need 2 or more members)

TIP 0305-35 Rotary diecutter urethane anvil maintenance WGC: Glenn Rogers (need 1 or more members)

TIP 0305-49 Checklist: preparing diecuts for shipment WGC: Glenn Rogers (need 1 or more members)

TIP 0306-06 Drying and curing techniques for in-line flexographic printing WGC: Thomas Staal (need 2 or more members)

TIP 0306-17 Overview of the selection process for a laser engraved ceramic anilox roll WGC: Steve Woodard (need 1 or more members)

TIP 0306-09 Ink metering systems for corrugated flexo presses WGC: Peter A. Snyder (need 1 or more members)

TIP 0304-30 Calibration and maintenance of the manually operated micrometer WGC: Steve Schmidt (need 1 or more members)

TIP 0305-42 Folding section WGC: John Buzzell (need 2 or more members)

TIP 0305-45 Squaring flap cut (center special) boxes WGC: John Buzzell (need 2 or more members)

TIP 0416-14 Water quality guidelines and monitoring requirements for paper mill boilers operating with softened makeup water WGC: Jim Graham (need 2 or more members)

 If you would like to join a Working Group of a TIP, please write to for more information.

SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of member to initiate a ballot:

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

T 207 Water solubility of wood and pulp (need 1 or more members)

T 235 Alkali solubility of pulp at 25°C (need 2 or more members)

T 237 Carboxyl content of pulp (need 3 or more members)

T 245 Silicates and silica in pulp (wet ash method) (need 2 or more members)

T 255 Water-soluble sulfates in pulp and paper (need 1 or more members)

T 264 Preparation of wood for chemical analysis (need 2 or more members)

T 265 Natural dirt in wood chips (need 4 or more members)

T 268 Weight-volume measurement of pulpwood (need 3 or more members)

T 406 Reducible sulfur in paper and paperboard (need 1 or more members)

T 408 Rosin in paper and paperboard (need 1 or more members)

T 421 Qualitative (including optical microscopic) analysis of mineral filler and mineral coating of paper (need 2 or more members)

T 430 Copper number of pulp, paper, and paperboard (need 1 or more members)

T 500 Book bulk and bulking number of paper (need 1 or more members)

T 504 Glue in paper (qualitative & quantitative determination) (need 2 or more members)

T 520 Curl of gummed flat paper (need 2 or more members)

T 529 Surface pH measurement of paper (need 2 or more members)

T 572 Accelerated pollutant aging of printing and writing paper by pollution chamber exposure apparatus (need 1 or more members)

T 604 Sulfur dioxide in sulfite cooking liquor (need 2 or more members)

T 611 Analysis of bleaching powder, calcium hypochlorite bleach liquor and bleach sludge (need 1 or more members)

T 529 Surface pH measurement of paper (need 1 or more members)

T 692 Determination of suspended solids in kraft green and white liquors (need 1 or more members) 

Standards Coming Up For Review

The 2019/2020 Standards listed below are all due for review.  Due to the migration issues in 2019 and our plan to have a new balloting system in place this year, we do not have a set schedule as yet.  Once a clear timeframe has been established, we will update the list in the STAR Newsletter and on our website. 

If you wish to participate in the SSIGs that will review these Standards or if you would like to request a copy of the drafts in ballot, please send your request to TAPPI at

Thank you for your patience and support while we diligently work through and resolve the migration issues.  We look forward to bringing you an improved balloting experience in the future! 

Standard #  Title 
T 200 sp-15  Laboratory beating of pulp (Valley beater method)
T 203 cm-09  Alpha-, beta- and gamma-cellulose in pulp
T 211 om-16  Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard: combustion at 525 degrees C
T 213 om-15 Dirt in pulp - chart method
T 220 sp-16  Physical testing of pulp handsheets
T 222 om-15  Acid insoluble lignin in wood and pulp
T 223 cm-10  Pentosans in wood and pulp
T 226 cm-11  Specific external surface of pulp
T 235 cm-09  Alkali solubility of pulp at 25°C
T 236 om-13  Kappa number of pulp
T 244 cm-11 Acid-insoluble ash in wood, pulp, paper, and paperboard
T 248 sp-15  Laboratory beating of pulp (PFI mill method)
T 252 om-16 pH and electrical conductivity of hot water extracts of pulp, paper, and paperboard
T 254 cm-10  Cupriethylenediamine disperse viscosity of pulp (falling ball method)
T 257 sp-14  Sampling and preparing wood for analysis
T 258 om-16  Basic density and moisture content of pulpwood
T 259 om-15  Species identification of nonwood plant fibers
T 261 cm-10  Fines fraction by weight of paper stock by wet screening
T 263 sp-16  Identification of wood and fibers from conifers
T 272 sp-12 Forming handsheets for reflectance testing of pulp (sheet machine procedure)
T 277 sp-14  Macro stickies content in pulp: the “pick-up”
T 401 om-15 Fiber analysis of paper and paperboard
T 403 om-15  Bursting strength of paper
T 409 sp-15  Machine direction of paper and paperboard
T 411 om-15  Thickness (caliper) of paper, paperboard, and combined board
T 412 om-16 Moisture in pulp, paper, and paperboard
T 425 om-16 Opacity of paper (15/d geometry, illuminant A/2 degrees, 89% reflectance backing and paper backing)
T 429 cm-10  Alpha-cellulose in paper
T 431 cm-10  Ink absorbency of blotting paper
T 434 cm-10 Acid-soluble iron in paper
T 435 om-16 Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (hot extraction method)
T 437 om-12 Dirt in paper and paperboard
T 438 cm-06 Zinc and cadmium in paper
T 454 om-15 Turpentine test for voids in glassine and greaseproof papers
T 456 om-15  Tensile breaking strength of water-saturated paper and paperboard (“wet tensile strength")
T 460 om-16  Air resistance of paper (Gurley method)
T 462 cm-16  Castor-oil penetration test for paper
T 465 sp-16  Static creasing of paper for water vapor transmission tests
T 476 om-16  Abrasion loss of paper and paperboard (Taber-type method)
T 480 om-15  Specular gloss of paper and paperboard at 75 degrees
T 489 om-15  Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper and paperboard (Taber-type tester in basic configuration)
T 493 cm-10  Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper
T 502 cm-07 Equilibrium relative humidity of paper and paperboard
T 504 cm-07  Glue in paper (qualitative & quantitative determination)
T 509 om-15  Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method)
T 512  sp-12 Creasing of flexible packaging material paper specimens for testing
T 516 cm-11  Envelope seal, seam, and window patch testing
T 534 om-15  Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (d/0 diffuse)
T 537 om-16  Dirt count in paper and paperboard (optical character recognition - OCR)
T 538 om-16  Roughness of paper and paperboard (Sheffield method)
T 541 om-15  Internal bond strength of paperboard (z-direction tensile)
T 543 om-16 Bending resistance of paper (Gurley-type tester)
T 546 om-15  Machine-direction grammage variation measurement (gravimetric method)
T 550 om-13 Determination of equilibrium moisture in pulp, paper and paperboard for chemical analysis
T 553 om-15  Alkalinity of paper as calcium carbonate (alkaline reserve of paper)
T 555 om-15 Roughness of paper and paperboard (print-surf method)
T 556 om-16  Bending resistance of paper and paperboard by single-point bending methods
T 558 om-15  Surface wettability and absorbency of sheeted materials using an automated contact angle tester)
T 563 om-15 Equivalent black area (EBA) and count of visible dirt in pulp, paper and paperboard by image analysis
T 564 sp-16  Transparent chart for the estimation of defect size
T 566 om-15  Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper (Taber-type tester in 0 to 1 Taber stiffness unit configuration)
T 567 om-15  Determination of effective residual ink concentration (ERIC) by infrared reflectance measurement
T 573 sp-15  Accelerated temperature aging of printing and writing paper by dry oven exposure apparatus
T 578 sp-16  Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure apparatus
T 580 pm-12  Thickness (caliper) of towel, tissue, napkin and facial products
T 600 om-15 Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and of free formaldehyde in resins
T 602 cm-06  Analysis of sulfuric acid
T 610 sp-15  Preparation of indicators and standard solutions
T 613 cm-10  Analysis of caustic soda
T 617 cm-10  Analysis of lime
T 618 cm-10  Analysis of limestone
T 619 cm-10  Analysis of salt cake
T 621 cm-10  Analysis of rosin
T 622 cm-10  Analysis of sodium hydrosulfite
T 624 cm-11  Analysis of soda and sulfate white and green liquors
T 628 cm-10 Analysis of rosin size
T 631 om-16 Microbiological enumeration of process water and slush pulp
T 632 cm-11 Analysis of sodium silicate
T 646 om-11  Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (45/0)
T 650 om-15 Solids content of black liquor
T 656 cm-07  Measuring, sampling, and analyzing white waters
T 657 sp-12  Sampling of fillers and pigments
T 684 om-15  Gross heating value of black liquor
T 803 cm-10  Puncture test of containerboard
T 807 om-16  Bursting strength of linerboard
T 822 om-16  Ring crush of paperboard (rigid support method)
T 826 om-13  Short span compressive strength of containerboard
T 829 om-15 Score quality test
T 835 om-14 Water absorption of corrugating medium: water drop absorption test
T 836 om-13  Bending stiffness, four point method
T 844 pm-15  Determining construction (nominal basis weight) of corrugated board
T 1006 sp-15 Testing of fiber glass mats:  use of modified TAPPI procedures for sampling and lot acceptance, stiffness, tear resistance, air permeability, and thickness
T 1007 sp-15 Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets
T 1008 sp-15 Test conditions for fiberglass mat test methods
T 1009 om-16 Tensile strength and elongation at break for fiber glass mats
T 1011 om-15 Basis weight of fiber glass mats
T 1012 om-15 Moisture content of fiber glass mats
T 1013 om-15 Loss on ignition of fiber glass mats
T 1014 om-15 Moisture sensitivity of fiber glass mats
T 1015 sp-15 Fiber glass mat uniformity (visual defects)
T 1016 om-15 Average fiber diameter of fiber glass mats
T 1215 sp-12 The determination of instrumental color difference


Acronyms You May Need to Know

List of Common Acronyms Relevant to Standards and TIPs

For details on these commonly-used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to mailto: or 

TIP = Technical Information Paper 
Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee 
SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group 
SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group 
WI = Work Item 
WG = Working Group 
WGC = Working Group Chairman 
om = Official Method 
pm = Provisional Method 
sp = Standard Practice 
cm = Classical Method 
ss = Standard Specification 
sg = Standard Guideline 
gl = Standard Glossary 
wd = Withdrawn Standard 
UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page. 

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery.  For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number) 

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The 2019 collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs, published in January of 2019 (product code STUCD-19), is available on CD.  An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available. 

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at

TAPPI Standards, TIPS and Useful Methods Online

TAPPI Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods Online Subscription gives you point-and-click access, providing immediate answers anytime problems arise.

You’ll save $186 alone by purchasing a subscription to Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods Online along with a TAPPI membership.  This offer also applies each year you renew your membership.

By joining TAPPI, you receive substantial savings on all TAPPI events, products and services and receive Paper 360, TAPPI Journal and Specialty Newsletters.

Combine the Power of TAPPI Membership and the Quality of Performance by purchasing a TAPPI membership along with Standards online.  Be a part of the TAPPI Community.

TAPPI Membership $174 + Standards Online $125 = $299 with membership renewal
Individual Standards Online without membership renewal = $250
Non-members Standards Online = $485

TAPPI Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods – on demand – anytime, anywhere.

Individual Access and Company license
Standards Guidelines
TIPs Guidelines


FacebookFind us on Facebook

LinkedInNetwork with us on LinkedIn

TwitterFollow us on Twitter


TAPPI Standards guidelines require that all TAPPI members receive notification of any proposed new Standards or TIPs. This message is being sent to you because of your affiliation with TAPPI; have purchased TIPs or Standards products from TAPPI; or because you have previously expressed interest in this topic.


TAPPI is the leading technical association for the worldwide pulp, paper and converting industry.
15 Technology Parkway South | Suite 115 | Peachtree Corners, GA 30092 |
1-800-332-8686 (US) | 1-800-446-9431 (Canada) | +1-770-446-1400 (Worldwide)
TAPPI Privacy Policy

We would appreciate your comments or suggestions. Your email will be kept private and confidential.