Archive | Subscribe | Printer-Friendly Version | Advertise | | TAPPI Press Catalog October 2022

TAPPI's Standards Advisory
Review Group (SARG)
Approved all 39 Standards
submitted for publication!

Don't miss the chance to vote on Standard reviews. 
Click here to join any Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG

Be more efficient and keep up-to-date with TAPPI Standards & TIPs... Access them online either as a subscriber to either an Individual or Company License. See information on the Web for Individual Licenses and Company Licenses or call TAPPI at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (International).
New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Check here the list of TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) recently published:

  • 0305-46: Stacking off the rotary die cutter
  • 0305-47: Multiple-out rotary die cut stacking

Special note: Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards and TIPs are updated once a month (usually around the 30th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards and TIPs and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request for TIPs to or for Standards to

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

  • T 621 cm-10 Analysis of rosin
    - Ballot 2 Closes: 10/29/2022

  • T 226 cm-11 Specific external surface of pulp 
    - Ballot 2 Closes: 11/05/2022

  • T 516 cm-11 Envelope seal, seam, and window patch testing
    - Ballot 2 Closes: 11/05/2022

  • T 807 om-16 Bursting strength of linerboard
    - Ballot 2 Closes: 11/11/2022

  • T 223 cm-10 Pentosans in wood and pulp
    - Ballot 2 Closes: 11/17/2022

  • T 266 om-18 Determination of sodium, calcium, copper, iron and manganese in pulp and paper by atomic absorption spectroscopy 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/18/2022

  • T 271 om-18 Fiber length of pulp and paper by automated optical analyzer using polarized light 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/18/2022

  • T 218 sp-18 Forming handsheets for reflectance testing of pulp (Büchner funnel procedure) 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/18/2022

  • T 1217 sp-18 Photometric linearity of optical properties instruments
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/18/2022

  • T 1218 sp-18 Calibration of reflectance standards for hemispherical geometry
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/18/2022

  • T 1500 gl-18 Optical measurements terminology (related to appearance evaluation of paper) 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/18/2022

  • T 1501 sg-18 Training standard for paper machine tender 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/18/2022

  • T 275 sp-18 Screening of pulp (Somerville-type equipment) 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/24/2022

  • T 491 om-18 Water immersion number of paperboard 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/24/2022

  • T 551 om-18 Thickness of paper and paperboard (soft platen method) 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/24/2022

  • T 568 om-18 Physical area of sub-visible contraries in pulp, paper and paperboard by image analysis - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/26/2022

  • T 834 om-18 Determination of containerboard roll hardness 
    Ballot 1 Closes: 11/26/2022

  • T 205 sp-18 Forming handsheets for physical tests of pulp 
    - Ballot 1 Closes: 11/27/2022

  • T 409 sp-15 Machine direction of paper and paperboard
    - Ballot 3 Closes: 12/04/2022

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate on any SSIGs to review and vote on Standards, please click here or contact 

TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item.

0304 Process Control & Quality Assurance

  • 10/07/22 - TIP 0304-73 Checking for coating wear on corrugating rolls
    - WGC: John Semenske

0305 Production

  • 10/07/22 - TIP 0305-18 Proper use of pull bands
    WGC: Richard P. Target

0404 Water Removal

  • 10/14/22 - TIP 0404-05 Methods of evaluating high velocity dryers
    - WGC: Needed

  • 10/17/22 - TIP 0404-21 Press fabric record book
    - WGC: Philip Wells

  • 10/17/22 -TIP 0404-22 Press section economic evaluation
    - WGC: Richard A. Reese

0420 Maintenance & Mechanical Engineering

  • 10/17/22 - TIP 0420-14 Guide for increasing the maximum allowable working pressure of cast iron, ASME constructed paper machine dryers
    - WGC: Needed

  • 10/17/22 - TIP 0425-05 Guidelines for Usage of MAP on Raw Yankee Surfaces
    WGC: Jack Allen

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to

General Announcements

See Why You Should Participate in TAPPI Standards
You too can expand your network and establish yourself as a SME

TAPPI Standards Test Methods are procedures and related practices used in the measurement, evaluation, and description of pulp, paper, packaging, and related products, including raw materials used in their manufacture, use, or in scientific investigations of any such substances. There are more than 240 TAPPI Standards and each has a Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) made up of industry professionals who regularly review and vote on that standard. 

All SSIGs require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method and many have open ballots. You can join an SSIG at any stage of the process and participate at your convenience.

Now’s a great time to get involved! See what others have said about their participation in Standards and TIPs.

Your time is valuable, and so is your perspective. You may be new to the industry but you bring something new to the industry, too.  

  • No mandatory meetings to attend
  • Minimal time commitment. You can expect to spend 20 minutes to six hours over the course of a Standard’s five-year life cycle
  • You are encouraged to participate in multiple SSIGs

Your opinion matters. Different views and perspectives are valued in SSIGs. Neither TAPPI membership nor deep experience is a required to participate in a SSIG. Anyone that uses a TAPPI Standard is familiar with the technical review process or other standards is welcome.

What is required?

  • Willingness to grow as an industry influencer, sharing your expertise, knowledge and technical information to help shape the industry’s future
  • Inclination to gain an instant network of technically inclined and involved peers
  • Curiosity and a thirst for knowledge. There’s no better way to gain a comprehensive understanding of what a test method does, how it works and learn about its practical uses than by being part of a SSIG

Join a SSIG now.  

STAR of the Month

TIP 0508-10: An Introduction to Centrifugal Cleaners
The purpose of this Technical Information Paper is to introduce the reader to centrifugal cleaners, from basic theory of operation to practical operational issues. Specifically, high density, low consistency forward, and lightweight cleaner types are presented along with their purpose in stock preparation.

Most paper making pulps contain contaminants with either specific gravity and/or surface area which is different from usable fiber. Such contaminants can be separated using centrifugal forces that accentuate such differences. The most suitable equipment for removing these types of contaminants is the centrifugal cleaner; a static device that applies centrifugal force to a pulp slurry to separate fiber bundles (shives), heavy, and light components from the papermaking fibers.

The hydrocyclone is a closed vessel designed to convert the velocity of the feed stock into a spinning motion. The spinning velocity of the stock separates particles heavier than fiber to the wall of the cleaner body and lighter debris to a vortex at the inner portion. In conventional centrifugal cleaners, heavy rejects report to the apex of the cone and lighter particles report to the overflow (or base) of the cone. There are several other configurations that are discussed the text that follows.

Energy consumption in centrifugal cleaners is measured as a function of the pressure differential between the feed and accept streams, expressed in terms of the power consumed in the feed pumps that provide the pressure and velocity needed to make the centrifugal cleaner work.

Publishing date: Septembre 2022

Purchasing link

Adapted from Bliss, T.L., TAPPI 1990 Stock Preparation Short Course, pg. 86 (Fig. 3)

Working Group:
Jon Kerr, Process – Chair, Training Consultants, Inc. 
Dr. Martin Hubbe, North Carolina State University
David Burton, AstenJohnson
Dr. Terry Bliss, Solenis
Dr. Shivamurthy Modgi, PE, Alsip MiniMill LLC
Scott Pantaleo, International Paper Co.
Dick Reese, Dick Reese and Associates, Inc.
Mike Legard, Carbon Conversions, Inc.
Bengt Eriksson, Valmet

Do you have an idea for a NEW TAPPI Standard or Technical Information Paper? We want to hear about it! Please fill out and submit the New Idea Submission form.

SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:

Optical Properties

T 425 om-21 Opacity of paper (15/d geometry, illuminant A/2 degrees, 89% reflectance backing and paper backing)

  • Automatic Review: 10/2025                           Current SSIG Count = 9

T 515 om-20 Visual grading and color matching of paper

  • Automatic Review: 04/2024                            Current SSIG Count = 9

T 567 om-20 Determination of effective residual ink concentration (ERIC) by infrared reflectance measurement 

  • Automatic Review: 10/2024                            Current SSIG Count = 9

Physical Properties

T 454 om-21 Turpentine test for voids in glassine and greaseproof papers

  • Automatic Review: 05/2025                            Current SSIG Count = 8

Pulp Properties
T 267 cm-15 Compression wood identification in pulpwood

  • Automatic Review: 10/2024                            Current SSIG Count = 8

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact or visit

Announcement of SARG Meeting

The Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG) meeting occurred for October 20, 2022, 1:00pm – 2:00pm (ET). This meeting was virtual only - via Zoom. SARG approval is the last step prior to publication for any new, reaffirmed or revised standards.

The list below shows 39 revised/ reaffirmed Standards that were submitted to SARG and approved at its Fall 2022 Meeting (* = indicates Standards eligible for submission as American National Standards).

  1. T 207 Water solubility of wood and pulp (Reaffirmed)

  2. *T 212 One percent sodium hydroxide solubility of wood and pulp (Reaffirmed)

  3. *T 236 Kappa number of pulp (Revision)

  4. T 254 Cupriethylenediamine disperse viscosity of pulp (falling ball method) (Reaffirmed)

  5. *T 262 Preparation of mechanical pulps for testing (Reaffirmed)

  6. T 265 Natural dirt in wood chips (Reaffirmed)

  7. *T 274 Laboratory screening of pulp (Master Screen-type instrument) (Reaffirmed)
  8. *T 281 Open drum washer mat sampling technique (Reaffirmed)

  9. *T 403 Burst strength of paper (Revision)

  10. *T 413 Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard combustion at 900°C (Reaffirmed)

  11. *T 419 Starch in Paper (Reaffirmed)

  12. T 421 Qualitative (including optical microscopic) analysis of mineral filler and mineral coating of paper (Reclassified)

  13. T 431 Ink absorbency of blotting paper (Reaffirmed)

  14. T 433 Water resistance of sized paper and paperboard (dry indicator method) (Withdrawn)

  15. *T 449 Bacteriological examination of paper and paperboard (Revision)

  16. *T 464 Water vapor transmission rate of paper and paperboard at high temperature and humidity (Reaffirmed)

  17. *T 519 Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing) (Reaffirmed)

  18. *T 525 Diffuse brightness of paper, paperboard and pulp (d/0) – ultraviolet level C (Reaffirmed)

  19. *T 534 Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (d/0 diffuse) (Revision)

  20. *T 536 Resistance of paper to passage of air (high-pressure Gurley method) (Reaffirmed)
  21. T 559 Grease resistance test for paper and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

  22. *T 578 Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure (Reaffirmed)
  23. *T 581 Dry tensile properties of paper towel and tissue products (using constant rate of elongation apparatus) (Revision)

  24. *T 600 Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and free formaldehyde in resins (Reaffirmed)

  25. T 604 Sulfur dioxide in sulfite cooking liquor (Reaffirmed)

  26. *T 653 Specular gloss of paper and paperboard at 20 degrees (Revised)

  27. *T 802 Drop test for fiberboard shipping containers (Reaffirmed)

  28. *T 809 Flat crush of corrugating medium (CMT test) (Revision)

  29. *T 810 Bursting strength of currogated board (Reaffirmed)

  30. *T 821 Pin adhesion of currogated board by selective separation (Reaffirmed)

  31. *T 822 Ring crush of paperboard (rigid support method) (Reaffirmed)

  32. *T 832 Water absorption of currogating medium: float curl method (Revision)

  33. *T 1006 Testing of fiber glass mats use of modified TAPPI procedures for sampling and lot acceptance, stiffness, tear resistance, and thickness (Reaffirmation)

  34. *T 1007 Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets (Reaffirmation)

  35. *T 1013 Loss on ignition of fiber glass mats (Reaffirmation)

  36. *T 1210 Units of measurement and conversion factors mats (Reaffirmed)

  37. *T 1214 Interrelation of reflectance, R0; reflectivity, R; TAPPI opacity, C0.89; scattering, s; and absorption, k (Reaffirmed)

  38. *T 1216 Indices for whiteness, yellowness, brightness, and luminous reflectance factor (Reaffirmed)

  39. *T 1219 Storage of paper samples for optical measurements and color matching (Reaffirmed)

A copy of the final draft for all these Standards can be found in the SARG page.

Did You Know

... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone to review, but to vote and comment you must be a member of the SSIG.

Each Standard has its own SSIG – so you have to sign up for each Standard that you have an interest in. Links to all of the SSIGs (by subject category) can be found on the Subject Category for Standards web page. Visit to join now.  

Acronyms You May Need to Know For details on these commonly used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

TIP = Technical Information Paper

Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee

SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group

SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group

WI = Work Item

WG = Working Group

WGC = Working Group Chair

om = Official Method

pm = Provisional Method

sp = Standard Practice

cm = Classical Method

ss = Standard Specification

sg  = Standard Guideline

gl = Standard Glossary

wd = Withdrawn Standard

UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI StandardsTIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page.

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery. For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The TAPPI CD of Standards, TIPs, and UMs has been discontinued for 2021. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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