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New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

TAPPI Standards published

Check below the list of TAPPI Standards recently published. All Standards are available on The information in parentheses indicates if the method was reaffirmed or revised:

Official Method
T 266 om-18 "Determination of sodium, calcium, copper, iron and manganese in pulp and paper by atomic absorption spectroscopy" (Revised)
T 271 om-18 "Fiber length of pulp and paper by automated optical analyzer using polarized light" (Reaffirmed)
T 491 om-18 "Water immersion number of paperboard" (Reaffirmed)
T 551 om-18 "Thickness of paper and paperboard (soft platen method)" (Reaffirmed)
T 568 om-18 "Physical area of sub-visible contraries in pulp, paper, and paperboard by image analysis" (Reaffirmed)
T 834 om-18 "Determination of containerboard roll hardness" (Reaffirmed)

Standard Practice
T 205 sp-18 "Forming handsheets for physical tests of pulp" (Reaffirmed)
T 218 sp-18 "Forming handsheets for reflectance testing of pulp (Büchner funnel procedure)" (Revised) 
T 275 sp-18 "Screening of pulp (Somerville-type equipment)" (Reaffirmed)
T 1217 sp-18 "Photometric linearity of optical properties instruments" (Reaffirmed)
T 1218 sp-18 "Calibration of reflectance standards for hemispherical geometry" (Reaffirmed)

Classical Method
T 818 cm-18 "Ring crush of paperboard (flexible beam method)" (Reaffirmed)

Standard Glossary
T 1500 gl-18 "Optical measurements terminology (related to appearance evaluation of paper)" (Reaffirmed)

Standard Guideline
T 1501 sg-18 "Training standard for paper machine tender" (Revised)

These Standards replace the previous versions published.

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting. 

T 692 Determination of suspended solids in kraft green and white liquors (12/3/18)
T 804 Compression test of fiberboard shipping containers (12/8/18)
T 825 Flat crush test of corrugated board (rigid support method) (12/8/18)
T 843 Fluted edge crush of corrugating medium (rigid support method) (12/23/18)
T 831 Water absorption of corrugating medium: water drop penetration test (12/30/18)
T 845 Wet pin adhesion of corrugated board by selective separation (12/30/18)
T 835 Water absorption of corrugating medium: water drop absorption test (1/3/19)

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate in the SSIGs that review and vote on the Standards, please contact TAPPI Standards Department at 
TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item.  

0416 - Steam & Power/Energy Management
10/19/18 TIP 0416-20 Recovery boiler sootblowers: practical guidelines. WGC: Danny S. Tandra

0420 - Maintenance & Mechanical Engineering
10/19/18 TIP 0420-12 Guidelines for evaluation of liquid ring vacuum pump performance. WGC: Robert Matzka

0425 - Yankee Dryer Safety and Reliability
9/8/17 TIP 0425-01 Guidelines for routine periodic inspection and testing of cast iron Yankee and MG dryers. WGC: Clive Butler

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to 
General Announcements

Withdrawal of Standard

The following Standard has been administratively withdrawn by the responsible SSIG, with approval from the Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG) on October 3, 2018, due to lack of continued interest in the method:

T 676 cm-08 "Viscosity of starch and starch products"

The TAPPI Standards guidelines allow for reinstatement of withdrawn Standards if properly reviewed by the responsible Standard-Specific Interest Group. If you have any interest in working on the reinstatement of this Standard, please contact the Standards Department ( at TAPPI. 

Removal of SSIG members due to missing ballots: reminder of rule from Standards Guidelines

SSIG members who have missed three ballots in a row from any SSIG will be dropped out of the SSIG roster. However, failing to vote on 3 ballots from 3 different SSIGs will result in a removal from all SSIGs rosters.
In accordance with TAPPI Standards Guidelines - Section 6.3.3 Participation in Standard-Specific Interest Groups: 
"Any SSIG member who fails to return three ballots in a row on a particular Standard shall be dropped from membership from that SSIG. Any TAPPI member who is dropped from three SSIGs due to failure to return ballots will also be dropped from all SSIGs." 

Any SSIG member dropped may request reinstatement to the roster by writing to  
Proposed New TIPs

The scope of the proposal for a new Technical Information Paper is shown below, as well as the title of the new proposal, the assigned Subject Category and the name of the Working Group Chair (WGC).

0416 - Steam & Power / Energy Management
Sootblower Safety and Upgrade Guideline - WGC: Mohomed Ishaq Jameel
The availability of the Recovery boiler is critical to the continuous operation of a Kraft pulp and paper mills. Sootblowers play a crucial role to the safe and efficient operation of the boiler. These sootblowers are operated on a continuous basis. The lack of availability of any critical blowers for an extended period of time leads to heavy fouling of the heat transfer surfaces and the eventual plugging of the flue gas passes. This tip addresses the best practices for the operation and maintenance of these pieces of equipment. It provides a window into common areas for problems and some general suggestions to avoid them. It covers in general some of the crucial components and subcomponents of a sootblower. General recommendations of what to do and what NOT to do when it comes to the proper and safe operation sootblowers is covered. The owners should always consult their O&M manuals and the manufacturers for specific details on their equipment. This TIP does not provide any design standards, critical operating parameters or guidelines for acceptance criteria when it comes to inspection. It is not the intent of the TIP to provide detailed welding procedures. It is expected that welds meet at the qualifications for ASME section IX This TIP is meant to serve as a reference to owners/users of sootblowers. It is not the intent of this TIP to evaluate or compare designs of different sootblower models.

If you would like to join the Working Group of this new proposal, please write to
Members for Working Groups of TIPs needed

Volunteers for the following working groups of Technical Information Papers (TIPs) are needed.
All Working Groups of TIPs require a minimum of 3 TAPPI members from 3 different companies in order to review a TIP. The following TIPs do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate the review or the Working Group Chair is requesting more members to join the Working Group:

0304-20 Calibration of flexible beam crush tester
0304-23 Statistical process control pin adhesion
0304-24 Calibration and maintenance of the burst tester
0304-25 Understanding formaldehyde management
0304-26 Common curtain coating problems: causes, detection and correction
0304-37 How to prevent score cracking in a box plant
0304-42 Go/no go gauge devices for the boxplant
0304-46 Techniques for running "WRA" (water resistant starch adhesive)
0304-56 Total indicated runout and its impact on combined board quality
0304-60 A procedure to proof a flexo printing ink
0304-72 Critical properties to consider when unitizing
0305-06 Machinery considerations and selection
0305-23 Rotary cutting die maintenance
0305-25 Buying, storing, and handling adhesives
0305-32 Housekeeping at order and shift change and weekly
0305-34 Daily, weekly, and monthly maintenance press checklists
0305-35 Rotary diecutter urethane anvil maintenance
0305-38 Troubleshooting the printing section
0305-43 Extruded glue mechanism supplement
0305-44 Counter ejector section
0305-49 Checklist: preparing diecuts for shipment
0305-54 Material handling considerations for flexo folder gluers
0306-06 Drying and curing techniques for in-line flexographic printing
0306-17 Overview of the selection process for a laser engraved ceramic anilox roll
0306-20 A guide to proper wipe roll selection for the corrugated box industry
0402-35 Post-fabrication cleaning of stainless steel in the pulp and paper industry
0402-36 Guidelines for detection, monitoring and prevention of flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) in the pulp and paper mill
0404-24 Guidelines for the design, operation, performance evaluation, and troubleshooting of a paper machine hood and air systems 
0404-27 Press fabric dewatering and conditioning - suction box (Uhle box) design and vacuum requirements
0404-46 Techniques for nip impressions
0410-10 Weirs and flumes
0410-14 Generalized method for determining the pipe friction loss of flowing pulp suspensions
0410-15 Optimum consistency for pumping pulp
0416-08 Guidelines for replacement of generating bank tubes with expanded joints in two-drum boilers
0416-09 Collection and burning of concentrated noncondensible gases: regulations, design, and operation
0416-10 Stripping of kraft pulping process condensates: regulations, design and operation
0416-11 Recommended test procedure for black liquor evaporators
0416-24 Energy checklist: pulp mill
0420-09 Measuring the hardness of rubber-covered rolls
0425-01 Guidelines for routine periodic inspection and testing of cast iron Yankee and MG dryers
0425-02 Inspection guidelines for Yankee hood systems
0502-20 Catalog of stock prep pilot plants
0603-02 Stickies definition and classification
1205-02 Cotton in nonwovens
NEW  Black liquor recovery boiler inspection planning and implementation
NEW  Doctoring
NEW  Paper sheet problems & diagnosis as related to paper machine clothing
NEW  Press section vibration

If you would like to join a Working Group of a TIP, please write to for more information.
SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.  

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members for opening ballots to review drafts of TAPPI Standards. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:
SSIGs that need 1 member:
T 203 Alpha-, Beta-, and Gamma-Cellulose in Pulp
T 222 Acid-Insoluble Lignin in Wood and Pulp
T 233 Fiber Length of Pulp by Classification
T 244 Acid-Insoluble Ash in Wood, Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard
T 248 Laboratory Beating of Pulp (PFI Mill Method)
T 255 Water-Soluble Sulfates in Pulp and Paper
T 256 Water-Soluble Chlorides in Pulp and Paper
T 263 Identification of Wood Fibers from Conifers
T 265 Natural Dirt in Wood Chips
T 408 Rosin in Paper and Paperboard
T 419 Starch in Paper
T 428 Hot Water Extractable Acidity or Alkalinity of Paper
T 438 Zinc and cadmium in paper
T 500 Book Bulk and Bulking Number of Paper
T 515 Visual Grading and Color Matching of Paper
T 529 Surface pH Measurement of Paper
T 545 Cross-machine grammage profile measurement (gravimetric method)
T 578 Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure apparatus
T 602 Analysis of Sulfuric Acid
T 646 Brightness of Clay and Other Mineral Pigments (45/0)
T 1217 Photometric linearity of optical properties instruments
T 1218 Calibration of reflectance standards for hemispherical geometry

SSIGs that need 2 members:
T 223 Pentosans in Wood and Pulp
T 226 Specific External Surface of Pulp
T 237 Carboxyl Content of Pulp
T 249 Carbohydrate Composition of Extractive-Free Wood and Wood Pulp by Gas-Liquid Chromatography
T 252 pH and electrical conductivity of hot water extracts of pulp, paper, and paperboard
T 267 Compression Wood Identification in Pulpwood
T 268 Weight-Volume Measurement of Pulpwood
T 406 Reducible Sulfur in Paper and Paperboard
T 418 Organic Nitrogen in Paper and Paperboard
T 429 Alpha-Cellulose in Paper
T 435 Hydrogen Ion Concentration (pH) of Paper Extracts (Hot Extraction Method)
T 504 Glue in Paper (Qualitative and Quantitative Determination)
T 509 Hydrogen Ion Concentration (pH) of Paper Extracts (Cold Extraction Method)
T 610 Preparation of Indicators and Standard Solutions
T 617 Analysis of Lime
T 619 Analysis of salt cake
T 624 Analysis of Soda and Sulfate White and Green Liquors
T 625 Analysis of Soda and Sulfate Black Liquor
T 656 Measuring, sampling, and analyzing white waters
T 699 Analysis of Pulping Liquors by Suppressed Ion Chromatography

SSIGs that need 3 members:
T 421 Qualitative (including optical microscopic) analysis of mineral filler and mineral coating of paper
T 430 Copper Number of Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard
T 600 Analysis of Formaldehyde in Aqueous Solutions and of Free Formaldehyde in Resins
T 613 Analysis of caustic soda
T 618 Analysis of Limestone
T 622 Analysis of sodium hydrosulfite
T 632 Analysis of sodium silicate

SSIGs that need 4 or more members:
T 434 Acid-soluble iron in paper (4 members needed)
T 493 Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper (5 members needed)
T 495 Bending number of paperboard (4 members needed)
T 611 Analysis of Bleaching Powder, Calcium Hypochlorite Bleach Liquor and Bleach Sludge (4 members needed)
T 621 Analysis of rosin (5 members needed)
T 628 Analysis of rosin size (5 members needed)

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to any industry expert interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact
Acronyms You May Need to Know

For details on these commonly-used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

TIP = Technical Information Paper 
Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee 
SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group 
SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group 
WI = Work Item 
WG = Working Group 
WGC = Working Group Chairman 
om = Official Method 
pm = Provisional Method 
sp = Standard Practice 
cm = Classical Method 
ss = Standard Specification 
sg = Standard Guideline 
gl = Standard Glossary 
wd = Withdrawn Standard 
UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website's Search and Order page.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order Item Number 0104UM____ (insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The 2018 collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs, published in January of 2018 (product code STUCD-18), is available on CD. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available. 

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact Mary Anne Cauthen ( or +1-770-209-7352. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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