Naylor Association Solutions
New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

TIP 0304-53 "Tests for corrugator roll wear" (Revision with title change)

TIP 0402-18 "Ultrasonic testing (UT) for tube thickness in black liquor recovery boilers: Part I - Guidelines for accurate tube thickness testing Part II - Default layouts for tube thickness surveys in various boiler zones" (Revision)

TIP 0410-08 "Control of stock activity on a fourdrinier table" (Reinstatement of a previously withdrawn TIP)

TIP 0416-11 "Recommended test procedure for black liquor evaporators" (Revision)

TIP 0416-24 "Energy checklist: pulp mill" (Revision and renumbering of former TIP 0422-01)

TIP 0502-15 "Selection criteria for wet end ceramics" (Revision)

UM 3 "Determination of useful fiber in bagasse" (Reaffirmation)

UM 23 "Bulk density of wood chips" (Reaffirmed)

UM 203 "Freeness of pulp (Williams tester)" (Revision)

UM 205 "Dirt in pulp (measured by transmitted light)" (Revision)

UM 221 "Laboratory processing of pulp (plate refiner)" (Revision)

UM 240 "Shive content of mechanical pulp (laboratory flat screen)" (Revision)

UM 242 "Shive content of mechanical pulp (Somerville fractionator)" (Revision)

UM 253 "Laboratory processing of pulp (ball or pebble-mill method)" (reaffirmation)

UM 258 "Laboratory processing of pulp (Kollergang method)" (Revision)

UM 411 "Opacity of paper using 45°/0° geometry reflectometer" (Revision)

UM 566 "Wetting shipping sack paper for testing" (Revision)

UM 573 "Water vapor permeability of sheet materials at -18°C (0°F) (Reaffirmation)

UM 579 "Water repellence of paper and board" (Revision, including title change)

UM 590 "Creasing (using steel rules) of paperboard for water vapor transmission (WVTR) testing" (Reaffirmation)

UM 596 "Water absorbency of nonbibulous paperboard " (Revision)

UM 658 "Color strength and shade of dye" (Revision)

Special note:  Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods are updated once a month (usually around the 15th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards,TIPs, and Useful Methods and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request to

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of draft in ballot.

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

T 456 om-10 "Tensile breaking strength of water-saturated paper and paperboard ("wet tensile strength")" (May 18, 2015)

T 844 "Determining construction (nominal basis weight) of corrugated board" (May 21, 2015)

T 1014 "Moisture sensitivity of fiber glass mats" (May 22, 2015)

T 829 "Score quality test" (May 26, 2015)

T 808 "Flat crush test of corrugated board (flexible beam method)" (May 28, 2015)

General Announcements

The method "Sieve analysis of pulpwood chips" is more commonly known as the Williams Chip Size Classification method.  It was developed by the Williams Apparatus Company as a way to measure the size distribution of pulp chips. The Williams method measures primarily length and width of chips using a series of round-hole trays. The size distribution relates to the uniformity of pulping.

TAPPI developed a Suggested  Method for the test in 1945.  It became an Official Standard in 1950.  It was reviewed and revised several times over more than 50 years.  Its last version was as Useful Method UM 21.  When the industry shifted its interest to chip thickness in pulping performance, new classifiers were developed that used parallel rods to measure thickness in combination with round holes. 

Because of this industry shift, there has been little interest in the Williams method, and it was withdrawn from the TAPPI Useful Method set along with a number of others when new guidelines were adopted for the UMs in 2011. It cannot be reinstated until it is reviewed and revised in accordance with the current UM guidelines.

The Williams classifier is still used in the structural panel, biomass and the pulp chip export businesses.  Contracts for current chip export refer to the Williams method in the definition of chip specifications.  Since the method is still in active use by the industry, there is a need to reinstate the method so that it can be distributed and used as a valid contract document. 

If you are interested in participating in a Working Group to review and revise the Williams Chip Classification Method so that it can be submitted for reinstatement, please contact by May 15, 2015.


A number of groups relevant to standards work will be meeting in Atlanta in conjunction with the 100th anniversary of TAPPI, being celebrated at the 2015 PaperCon Conference.  Information on the conference, including links to hotel information, can be found at

The Fiberboard Shipping Container Testing Committee (Fiscotec) of the TAPPI Corrugated Packaging Division, will meet on Monday, April 20, at 11:00 am at the Georgia World Congress Center.

The committees of the TAPPI Process and Product Quality Division will meet on Tuesday, April 21, also at the Georgia World Congress Center, at these times:

Optical Properties Committee, 9:00-10:00 am

Pulp and Chemical Properties Committee, 10:00-11:00 am

Tissue Properties Subcommittee, 11:00 am-12 Noon

Physical Properties Committee, 1:30-3:00 pm

ISO Technical Committee 6 (Paper, board, and pulps) will begin their meetings with a reception Tuesday evening, followed by meetings of their working groups on Wednesday and Thursday, April 22-23. Plenary meetings for TC6/SC2 and TC 6 will take place, respectively, on Friday and Saturday, April 24-25. Delegates to these meetings are selected by the member body in their home country. These delegates have been issued an invitation to arrive early in Atlanta to participate in TAPPI technical committees and the TAPPI 100th anniversary celebration.

Although you do not have to register for the conference to attend TAPPI committee meetings, you are encouraged to do so. Contact TAPPI Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), +1-770-446-1400 (Worldwide), +1-770-446-6947 (Fax), or email Be sure to tell them you want to register as a committee attendee only so there will be no registration fee, and a badge will be ready for you on site. You may also register as a committee attendee on site.

You may register online as well and purchase tickets for the social events by going to You will need to create a user name and password, then provide the information asked. IMPORTANT: when it takes you to the page where you fill in your Contact Information, you must select "Committee Meetings/Special Events ONLY" in the dropdown box to get to the page where you can register for committee meetings only. Any other selections will go to a page where you have to pay fees for sessions. After you pass the page asking if you have any special needs, you will come to a page where you can select special events that you want to attend and pay the fees for those.

If you want to register and pay the fee for the full conference in order to attend technical sessions, you may do that online as well or you can contact Member Connection as outlined above. Online, follow the instructions above, but when you get to the Contact Information Page, select PaperCon 2015 instead of committee meetings only.


Product & Product Quality Division committees are in need of new members to support the development and maintenance of standards we all use in the manufacture of the products we deliver to our customers.

These committees discuss and make decisions on critical issues that deal with standards which are currently being used by the pulp and paper industry, as well as those which are being developed for them. 
Below are the committees which are in need of your support:

Pulp and Chemical Properties Committee

Optical Properties Committee

Physical Properties Committee

Tissue Properties Subcommittee

Joining one or more of these groups gives you and your company the opportunity to participate in the discussion and development of the standards we use for evaluating the product and product quality. Without good pulp and paper industry standards to guide us, we will not be able to deliver what our customers require.  Therefore, please consider volunteering your company and your support for these committees. 

For all those members who are already involved in Standard Specific Interest Groups (SSIG), we ask you to make the next step in standard development and maintenance participation by joining a committee today.

Meetings are held twice a year to discuss ongoing committee work. The meetings can be attended in person or by phone conference. The next meetings are being held in Atlanta, GA, April 20-21, 2015 during PaperCon 2015.
Please contact Steve Berg, P&PQ Division Chairman ( or Charles Bohanan, Director of Standards and Awards ( for more information.

Plans are already underway for the 100th Anniversary of TAPPI, which will be observed during the 2015 PaperCon Conference in Atlanta, April 19-22.2015.

The TAPPI Centennial Celebration Gala promises to be an exciting evening celebrating TAPPI's past, present, and future. Mark your calendars and plan to attend this once-in-a-career evening on Monday, April 20, at the AmericasMart in Atlanta. This evening of cocktails and dinner, seeing old friends, making new acquaintances, and celebrating the incredible progress and future potential of our industry can't be missed.

As part of the celebration, TAPPI and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) have invited ISO Technical Committee TC 6 and its subcommittees and working groups to hold its 2015 meeting during the PaperCon week.

TAPPI's Centennial Celebration includes a keep-sake book, to be published in April 2015. It spotlights TAPPI's rich history, the people, the organization, and the impact that members and innovations have made on the industry. Get a preview of these innovations, more information, insights, little-known-facts and history on the Centennial website. On this site you can also sign up for the special newsletter for this event.


Getting started is easy. Do you have just a general idea for a standard, or are you farther along and have a substantial draft? If you just have a general idea for a standard or TIP, complete the New Idea Submission Form. TAPPI will review your idea and identify an appropriate committee or group to work on your suggestion. If you are further along, send an initial draft to From there, the TAPPI Standards Manager will guide you through the appropriate process to finalize and approve the new document.
Standards Coming Up For Review

The system for review and development of TAPPI Standards requires an announcement of review dates so that any interested TAPPI parties may access the drafts, submit comments, and/or join the Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) to cast an official vote.

Listed below are the Standards that will be up for review in 2015. The date indicated is the target date on which the draft will be distributed to the Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) for that particular Standard.

Any interested individuals who wish to be part of the voting for any Standard should send a message to and request voting membership on the corresponding SSIG, prior to the target ballot date, if possible. Anyone who joins the SSIG before the target balloting date will receive a notice of the ballot.

If you have joined the Standard Specific Interest Group for any Standard, you will receive a notice for ballot at the proper time with instructions for casting your vote and making your comments. If you wish to join the Standard Specific Interest Group for a particular Standard, please go to the Subject Categories for Standards  page or contact the Standards Department at TAPPI (, or phone +1-770-209-7276 or fax +1-770-446-6947).

T 233 cm-06 "Fiber length of pulp by classification" (May 1, 2015)

T 800 cm-06 "Drum test for fiberboard shipping containers (revolving hexagonal drum)" (May 5, 2015)

T 684 om-11 "Gross heating value of black liquor" (May 12, 2015)

T 1011 om-11 "Basis weight of fiber glass mats" (May 15, 2015)

T 600 om-11 "Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and of free formaldehyde in resins" (May 19, 2015)

T 509 om-11 "Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method)" (June 5, 2015)

T 435 om-11 "Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (hot extraction method)" (June 9, 2015)

T 610 sp-11 "Preparation of indicators and standard solutions" (June 16, 2015)

T 222 om-11 "Acid insoluble lignin in wood and pulp" (June 19, 2015)

T 266 om-11 "Determination of sodium, calcium, copper, iron, and manganese in pulp and paper by atomic absorption spectroscopy" (June 23, 2015)

T 413 om-11 "Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard:  combustion at 900 degrees C" (June 30, 2015)

T 419 om-11 "Starch in paper" (July 14, 2015)

T 830 om-11 "Ink rub test of containerboard and corrugated board"  (July 17, 2015)

T 564 sp-11 "Transparent chart for the estimation of defect size" (July 21, 2015)

T 810 om-11 "Bursting strength of corrugated board" (July 28, 2015)
T 1211 sp-11 "Acceptance procedures for laboratories providing reference materials for TAPPI Standards" (July 31, 2015)

T 460 om-11 "Air resistance of paper (Gurley method)" (August 4, 2015)

T 218 sp-11 "Forming handsheets for reflectance testing of pulp (Buchner funnel procedure)" (August 7, 2015)

T 646 om-11 "Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (45/0)" (August 11, 2015)

T 462 cm-06 "Castor-oil penetration test for paper" (August 14, 2015)

T 602 cm-06 "Analysis of sulfuric acid" (August 18, 2015)

T 807 om-11 "Bursting strength of linerboard" (August 25, 2015)

T 827 om-11" Box blank dimensioning" (September 1, 2015)

T 400 sp-11 "Sampling and accepting a single lot of paper, paperboard, containerboard, or related product" (September 11, 2015)

T 263 sp-11 "Identification of wood and fibers from conifers" (September 15, 2015)

T 258 om-11 "Basic density and moisture content of pulpwood" (September 18, 2015)

T 545 om-11 "Cross-machine grammage profile measurement (gravimetric method)" (September 22, 2015)

T 537 om-11 "Dirt count in paper and paperboard (optical character recognition - OCR)" (September 25, 2015)

T 438 cm-06 "Zinc and cadmium in paper" (October 6, 2015)

T 809 om-11 "Flat crush of corrugating medium (CMT test)" (October 9, 2015)

T 543 om-11 "Bending resistance of paper (Gurley-type tester)" (October 13, 2015)

T 822 om-11 "Ring crush of paperboard (rigid support method)" (October 20, 2015)

T 425 om-11 "Opacity of paper (15/d geometry, illuminant A/2 degrees, 89% reflectance backing and paper backing)" (October 23, 2015)

T 519 om-11 "Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing)" (November 3, 2015)

T 1501 sg-11 "Training standard for paper machine tender" (November 10, 2015)

T 556 om-11 "Bending resistance of paper and paperboard by single-point bending methods" (November 13, 2015)

T 811 om-11 "Edgewise compressive strength of corrugated fiberboard (short column test)" (November 17, 2015)

T 476 om-11 "Abrasion loss of paper and paperboard (Taber-type method)" (December 1, 2015)

T 578 sp-11 "Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure apparatus" (December 4, 2015)

T 412 om-11 "Moisture in pulp, paper, and paperboard" (December 8, 2015)

Standards Ready for Final Approval at SARG

The standards eligible for approval at SARG are listed below. The asterisks (*) indicate the standards that will be eligible for submission to ANSI for consideration as American National Standards.

*T 573 "Accelerated temperature aging of printing and writing paper by dry oven exposure apparatus"
*T 409 "Machine direction of paper and paperboard"
*T 650 "Solids content of black liquor"
*T 1008 "Test conditions for fiberglass mat test methods"
*T 259 "Species identification of nonwood plant fibers" (Reclassification as an Official Method)
*T 200 "Laboratory beating of pulp (Valley beater method)"
*T 1007 "Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets"
T 840 "Testing adhesives used in glued lap joints of corrugated fiberboard containers" – for WITHDRAWAL and reissuance as a Useful Method
*T 555 "Roughness of paper and paperboard (print-surf method)"
*T 401 "Fiber analysis of paper and paperboard"
*T 546 "Machine-direction grammage variation measurement (gravimetric method)"
*T 558 "Surface wettability and absorbency of sheeted materials using an automated contact angle tester"
*T 454 "Turpentine test for voids in glassine and greaseproof papers"
*T 213 "Dirt in pulp - chart method"
*T 1012 "Moisture content of fiber glass mats"
*T 1015 "Fiber glass mat uniformity (visual defects)"
*T 563 "Equivalent black area (EBA) and count of visible dirt in pulp, paper and paperboard by image analysis"
*T 248 "Laboratory beating of pulp (PFI mill method)"

Announcement of SARG Meeting

The next meeting of the Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG) is will take place in Atlanta, GA, at the TAPPI 2015 PaperCon Conference, Tuesday, April 21, 2015, at 3:00 pm Eastern time.  SARG approval is the last step prior to publication for any new or revised standard.

In order to act on any appeals from TAPPI members relevant to the standards up for approval, the SARG meeting is open to anyone for participation. The agenda will be posted on the SARG page at least 50 days prior to the meeting, in accordance with TAPPI’s guidelines. There will be links from the agenda items to the final drafts that are up for approval.

If you would like to participate in the SARG meeting by conference call, please send a message before April 20, 2015, to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

For details on these commonly-used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

TIP = Technical Information Paper
Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee
SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group
SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group
WI = Work Item
WG = Working Group
WGC = Working Group Chairman
om = Official Method
pm = Provisional Method
sp = Standard Practice
cm = Classical Method
ss = Standard Specification
sg = Standard Guideline
gl = Standard Glossary
wd = Withdrawn Standard
UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website's Search and Order page.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order Item Number 0104UM____ (insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.


The 2014 collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs, published in March of 2014 (product code STUCD-14), is available on CD. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact Ashley Westbrook ( or +1-770-209-7228. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


TAPPI Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods Online Subscription gives you point-and-click access, providing immediate answers anytime problems arise.

You’ll save $186 alone by purchasing a subscription to Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods Online along with a TAPPI membership.  This offer also applies each year you renew your membership.

By joining TAPPI, you receive substantial savings on all TAPPI events, products and services and receive Paper 360, TAPPI Journal and Specialty Newsletters.

Combine the Power of TAPPI Membership and the Quality of Performance by purchasing a TAPPI membership along with Standards online.  Be a part of the TAPPI Community.

TAPPI Membership $174 + Standards Online $125 = $299
Non-members Standards Online = $485

TAPPI Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods – on demand – anytime, anywhere.

Naylor Association Solutions