Archive | Subscribe | Printer-Friendly Version | Advertise | | TAPPI Press Catalog August 2022

Another Record Breaking:
39 Standards 

Submitted for Final Approval at 
Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG)

Don't miss the chance to vote on Standard reviews. 
Click here to join any Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG

Be more efficient and keep up-to-date with TAPPI Standards & TIPs... Access them online either as a subscriber to either an Individual or Company License. See information on the Web for Individual Licenses and Company Licenses or call TAPPI at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (International).
New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Check here the list of TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) recently published:

  • TIP 0304-16 Evaluating glue lap adhesive
  • TIP 0508-06 Refiner Systems: Their Inspection and Maintenance.

Special note: Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards and TIPs are updated once a month (usually around the 30th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards and TIPs and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request for TIPs to or for Standards to

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

  • T 579 om-18 Diffuse brightness of paper, paperboard and pulp (d/0) (ultraviolet level D65) (09/17/2022)

  • T 232 cm-13 Fiber length of pulp by projection (09/22/2022)

  • T 244 cm-11 Acid-insoluble ash in wood, pulp, paper, and paperboard (09/22/2022)

  • T 692 om-13 Determination of suspended solids in kraft green and white liquors (09/22/2022)

  • T 1011 om-15 Basis weight of fiber glass mats (09/22/2022)

  • T 1012 om-15 Moisture content of fiber glass mats (09/22/2022)

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate on any SSIGs to review and vote on Standards, please click here or contact 

TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item.

0404 Water Removal

  • 08/25/2022 TIP 0404-19 Press section monitoring. WGC: Phillip Wells
  • 08/29/2022 TIP 0404-25 Through Drying. WGC: Ben Thorp

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to

General Announcements

 Need a Solution for Post-Consumer
Pizza Box Grease in the Fiber Stream?

Get Answers to Questions at this live "Ask the Expert" Event!

 Incorporation of Post-Consumer Pizza Boxes in the Recovered Fiber Stream: Impacts of Grease on Finished Quality
Friday, September 9, 2022
10:00am to 12:00pm EDT

Grease and cheese contamination of used pizza boxes has led to misunderstanding and controversy about the recyclability of pizza boxes. Some collection facilities accept pizza boxes while others do not.

Expert Ashok Ghosh, Director, Fiber Science and Innovation for WestRock, will lead this live online event. He, along with Peter W. Hart, Adel Panek, Tran Nguyen and Meredith Dooley authored a TAPPI Journal article on this topic (March 2021) to determine if typical grease or cheese contamination levels associated with pizza boxes impact finished product quality.

Read the entire article here, then join in on TAPPI Connect live on September 9 as Ghosh answers questions on the topic.

To attend, log in at 10:00am (or any time before it ends at noon) on Friday, September 9.
During this live event, you can post your questions on the Open Forum feed. Ghosh will respond as quickly as possible. If he does not have an opportunity to respond to your question during the event,  he will address the question within the next week. This live session will also be archived here and accessible after the event.

Can't Think of a Question to Ask?
Curious about this topic, but don't have a specific question? You can log in and monitor the conversation without participating. After the event, you can revisit it as much as needed in the future by accessing the Ask the Expert events archive.

Please note: this is an online discussion thread only. Not a video or webinar. After the event, the entire discussion will be available on TAPPI Connect to read in its entirety.

STAR of the Month

TIP 0508-06: Refiner Systems: Their Inspection and Maintenance
The purpose of this Technical Information Paper is to give guidance on methods of evaluating and maintaining a refining system to give optimum performance in terms of energy consumption and product performance. The guide is intended to be used by engineers who are new to the paper industry or to the subject of refining.

Safety precautions - Before commencing a study, the following safety procedures should be followed:

  • Always wear hearing protection, as the noise level in the vicinity of a refiner can be very high.
  • Refiner motors are high voltage, and the surroundings are usually wet. Stay away from electrical connection points and switchgear and wear non-slip insulated footwear.
  • Wear safety glasses, as stock is hot and under pressure. Do not run the refiner with a closed circuit, or with the discharge valve tightly closed.
  • Refiners should never be operated at excessive pressure or elevated stock temperatures due to potential for explosion or injury.

Background: In order to make full use of this guide, it is necessary to understand the importance of the refining process and the basics of refining. Refining has great influence for fiber properties in paper making process. The old adage that “Paper is made in the beater refiner” holds true for every paper product. In relation to the other processes involved in papermaking, only drying uses more energy, and no other process modifies the fiber properties or has more effect on the various aspects of the sheet than refining.

Publishing date: August 2022

Purchasing link:

Working Group:
Jacob Hyland – Chair, Andritz
Luis Gonzalez, Valmet
Tim Bernhardt, Wood
Marko Loijas, Valmet

Do you have an idea for a NEW TAPPI Standard or Technical Information Paper? We want to hear about it! Please fill out and submit the New Idea Submission form.

SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:

Optical Properties

T 425 om-21 Opacity of paper (15/d geometry, illuminant A/2 degrees, 89% reflectance backing and paper backing)

  • Automatic Review: 10/2025                           Current SSIG Count = 9

T 515 om-20 Visual grading and color matching of paper

  • Automatic Review: 04/2024                            Current SSIG Count = 9

T 567 om-20 Determination of effective residual ink concentration (ERIC) by infrared reflectance measurement 

  • Automatic Review: 10/2024                            Current SSIG Count = 9

Physical Properties

T 454 om-21 Turpentine test for voids in glassine and greaseproof papers

  • Automatic Review: 05/2025                            Current SSIG Count = 8

Pulp Properties
T 267 cm-15 Compression wood identification in pulpwood

  • Automatic Review: 10/2024                            Current SSIG Count = 8

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact or visit

Standards Ready for Final Approval at SARG

The list below shows the 39 Standards that are ready to be submitted to SARG at its Fall 2022 meeting: (* = indicates Standards eligible for submission as American National Standards)

  1. T 207 Water solubility of wood and pulp (Reaffirmed)

  2. *T 212 One percent sodium hydroxide solubility of wood and pulp (Reaffirmed)

  3. *T 236 Kappa number of pulp (Revision)

  4. T 254 Cupriethylenediamine disperse viscosity of pulp (falling ball method) (Reaffirmed)

  5. *T 262 Preparation of mechanical pulps for testing (Reaffirmed)

  6. T 265 Natural dirt in wood chips (Reaffirmed)

  7. *T 274 Laboratory screening of pulp (Master Screen-type instrument) (Reaffirmed)

  8. *T 281 Open drum washer mat sampling technique (Reaffirmed)

  9. *T 403 Burst strength of paper (Revision)

  10. *T 413 Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard combustion at 900°C (Reaffirmed)

  11. *T 419 Starch in Paper (Reaffirmed)

  12. T 421 Qualitative (including optical microscopic) analysis of mineral filler and mineral coating of paper (Reclassified)

  13. T 431 Ink absorbency of blotting paper (Reaffirmed)

  14. T 433 Water resistance of sized paper and paperboard (dry indicator method) (Withdrawn)

  15. *T 449 Bacteriological examination of paper and paperboard (Revision)

  16. *T 464 Water vapor transmission rate of paper and paperboard at high temperature and humidity (Reaffirmed)

  17. *T 519 Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing) (Reaffirmed)

  18. *T 525 Diffuse brightness of paper, paperboard and pulp (d/0) – ultraviolet level C (Reaffirmed)

  19. *T 534 Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (d/0 diffuse) (Revision)

  20. *T 536 Resistance of paper to passage of air (high-pressure Gurley method) (Reaffirmed)

  21. T 559 Grease resistance test for paper and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

  22. *T 578 Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure (Reaffirmed)

  23. *T 581 Dry tensile properties of paper towel and tissue products (using constant rate of elongation apparatus) (Revision)

  24. *T 600 Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and free formaldehyde in resins (Reaffirmed)

  25. T 604 Sulfur dioxide in sulfite cooking liquor (Reaffirmed)

  26. *T 653 Specular gloss of paper and paperboard at 20 degrees (Revised)

  27. *T 802 Drop test for fiberboard shipping containers (Reaffirmed)

  28. *T 809 Flat crush of corrugating medium (CMT test) (Revision)

  29. *T 810 Bursting strength of currogated board (Reaffirmed)

  30. *T 821 Pin adhesion of currogated board by selective separation (Reaffirmed)

  31. *T 822 Ring crush of paperboard (rigid support method) (Reaffirmed)

  32. *T 832 Water absorption of currogating medium: float curl method (Revision)

  33. *T 1006 Testing of fiber glass mats use of modified TAPPI procedures for sampling and lot acceptance, stiffness, tear resistance, and thickness (Reaffirmation)

  34. *T 1007 Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets (Reaffirmation)

  35. *T 1013 Loss on ignition of fiber glass mats (Reaffirmation)

  36. *T 1210 Units of measurement and conversion factors mats (Reaffirmed)

  37. *T 1214 Interrelation of reflectance, R0; reflectivity, R; TAPPI opacity, C0.89; scattering, s; and absorption, k (Reaffirmed)

  38. *T 1216 Indices for whiteness, yellowness, brightness, and luminous reflectance factor (Reaffirmed)

  39. *T 1219 Storage of paper samples for optical measurements and color matching (Reaffirmed)

A copy of the final draft for all these Standards can be found in the SARG page.

Announcement of SARG Meeting

The next meeting of the Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG) is scheduled for October 20, 2022, 1:00pm – 2:00pm (ET). SARG approval is the last step prior to publication for any new, reaffirmed or revised standard.

In order to act on any appeals from members relevant to the standards up for approval, the SARG meeting is open to anyone for participation. The agenda has been posted on the SARG page. There are links from the agenda items to the final drafts that are up for approval.

If you would like to participate by conference call, please send a message before October 13, 2022, to

Did You Know

... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone to review, but to vote and comment you must be a member of the SSIG.

Each Standard has its own SSIG – so you have to sign up for each Standard that you have an interest in. Links to all of the SSIGs (by subject category) can be found on the Subject Category for Standards web page. Visit to join now.  

Acronyms You May Need to Know For details on these commonly used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

TIP = Technical Information Paper

Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee

SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group

SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group

WI = Work Item

WG = Working Group

WGC = Working Group Chair

om = Official Method

pm = Provisional Method

sp = Standard Practice

cm = Classical Method

ss = Standard Specification

sg  = Standard Guideline

gl = Standard Glossary

wd = Withdrawn Standard

UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI StandardsTIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page.

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery. For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The TAPPI CD of Standards, TIPs, and UMs has been discontinued for 2021. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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