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10 Technical Information Papers (TIPs)


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New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Check here the list of TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) recently published:

1. TIP 0304-09 The edge crush test (ECT): its relationship to box compression and its derivation from containerboard edge stiffness (Revised) WGC: David A. Carlson

2. TIP 0304-40 Techniques for bonding modern high-performance liners (Revised) WGC: Jeff Gebauer

3. TIP 0304-60 Proofing of a Flexo Printing Ink (Revised) WGC: Tom Staal

4. TIP 0305-32 Housekeeping guidelines (Revised) WGC: Jeff Gebauer

5. TIP 0305-35 Rotary die cutter urethane anvil cover maintenance (Revised) WGC: Glenn Rogers

6. TIP 0306-06 Drying and curing techniques for in-line flexographic printing (Revised) WGC: Tom Staal

7. TIP 0404-47 Paper machine performance guidelines (Revised) WGC: Richard A. Reese

8. TIP 0404-51 Paper machine clothing cleaning and conditioning for recycled fiber use (Revised) WGC: John Neun

9. TIP 0404-67 Paper machine doctor recommendations (Issued) WGC: Doug Sweet

10. TIP 0416-03 Water quality and monitoring requirements for paper mill boilers operating with high purity feedwater (Revised) WGC: Jim Graham

Special note: Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards and TIPs are updated once a month (usually around the 15th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards and TIPs and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request for TIPs to or for Standards to

TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item. 

0502 - Papermakers

02/23/2021 TIP 0502-16 Pilot paper and wet laid nonwoven machines  WGC: Tom Rodencal

03/04/2020 TIP 0502-20 Catalog of Stock Preparation Pilot Plants  WGC:  Bill Josephson

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to

General Announcements


Propose a New Standard or Technical Information Paper (TIP)

Getting started is easy. Do you have just a general idea for a Standard, or are you farther along and have a substantial draft? If you just have a general idea for a Standard or TIP, complete the New Idea Submission Form. TAPPI will review your idea and identify an appropriate committee or group to work on your suggestion. If you are further along, send an initial draft to From there, the TAPPI Standards Manager will guide you through the appropriate process to finalize and approve the new document.

STAR of the Month
A Standards Expert Filled with Passion, Knowledge and Pride!

“As much as I appreciate the technical knowledge and professional development that I’ve experienced from TAPPI over the years, it’s the connection with people that really made it worthwhile and I always carry it with me.” – Chris Czyryca

Chris is the President of Collaborative Testing Services (CTS), Inc., a position that he has held for 10 years. CTS is a private company that provides interlaboratory testing programs to a wide variety of laboratory communities, including: forensics, metals, plastics, wine, agriculture, and especially paper, paperboard and containerboard. During his 26 years at CTS, he has held overall responsibility for operations in seven of CTS’ 11 programs during his tenure. Standards and test methods play a key role in evaluating laboratory performance in each program.
Is there any particular review that has impacted you? Please tell us about your experience.

I’ll share one that shows the folly of youth and why we need new ideas. Sometimes you must accept the fact that your ideas won’t be accepted by the rest of the group. It involves the MIT Folding Endurance Test; I was involved with that very early on. The result of the testing in laboratories can be very erratic, because of the nature of the test. It lacks consistency both in the laboratory or in between laboratories. Being a young person with bright ideas and full of new ways of looking at things, I looked at the variation there and decided it would be much better if we reported the results as the law of arrhythmic value of the folding endurance; especially for samples that were above a certain value. However, when you do that it becomes a very nice linear test where you’re able to make the results that come from that testing process look a whole lot more conventional to those technicians. It turns out that no one shared the view that it would be a good idea to move that test for the sole reason of making the statistics. There were certainly things like existing SOPs, existing methods, existing specifications, and government requirements that did not enter my young brain at that point.

This is a situation where I brought a new idea to the table and I was told that it’s probably not the right direction for the industry to proceed. It was a learning experience, because it showed the value of looking at things from many different viewpoints and not strictly a technical viewpoint (If you must make the method comprehensible to the actual users). It’s a lesson I carried with me.

TAPPI Methods are wonderful. They are very specific; and they give you a single answer, but we don’t want to overwhelm the audience with technical jargons and requirements that aren’t essential to the method.

Click below for full interview↓

SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:


Alkaline Pulping
T 692 om-13   Determination of suspended solids in kraft green and white liquors
                        Draft 2                                          Current SSIG Count = 8

Chemical Properties
T 223 cm-10   Pentosans in wood and pulp
                        Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 5

T 244 cm-11   Acid-insoluble ash in wood, pulp, paper, and paperboard
                        Automatic review - 9/2020            Current SSIG Count = 5

T 252 om-16  pH and electrical conductivity of hot water extracts of pulp, paper, and paperboard
                       Automatic review - 10/2020           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 429 cm-10  Alpha-cellulose in paper
                       Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 4

T 434 cm-10  Acid-soluble iron in paper
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 3

T 435 om-16  Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (hot extraction method)
                       Automatic review - 5/2020              Current SSIG Count = 5

T 493 cm-10  Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 3

T 509 om-15  Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method)
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 7

T 600 om-15  Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and of free formaldehyde in resins
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 6

T 610 sp-15   Preparation of indicators and standard solutions
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 6

T 613 cm-10  Analysis of caustic soda
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 4

T 617 cm-10  Analysis of lime
                       Automatic review - 5/2019              Current SSIG Count = 8

T 618 cm-10  Analysis of limestone
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 4

T 619 cm-10  Analysis of salt cake
                       Automatic review - 5/2019              Current SSIG Count = 7

T 621 cm-10  Analysis of rosin
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 4

T 622 cm-10  Analysis of sodium hydrosulfite
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 6

T 624 cm-11  Analysis of soda and sulfate white and green liquors
                       Automatic review - 9/2020              Current SSIG Count = 6

T 628 cm-10  Analysis of rosin size
                       Automatic review - 10/2019            Current SSIG Count = 4

T 632 cm-11  Analysis of sodium silicate
                       Automatic review - 5/2020              Current SSIG Count = 4


Fillers and Pigments
T438 cm-06  Zinc and Cadmium in Paper
                      Draft 2                                              Current SSIG Count = 9

Optical Properties
T 519 om-17  Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing)
                       Automatic review - 4/2021              Current SSIG Count = 8

T 1214 sp-17  Interrelation of reflectance, R0; reflectivity, R ; TAPPI opacity, C0.89; scattering, s; and absorption, k
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 1219 sp-17  Storage of paper samples for optical measurements and color matching
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 8

Physical Properties
T 516 cm-11  Envelope seal, seam, and window patch testing
                       Automatic review - 5/2020              Current SSIG Count = 7

T 578 sp-16  Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure apparatus
                      Automatic review - 10/2020             Current SSIG Count = 9

Pulp Properties
T 226 cm-11  Specific external surface of pulp
                       Automatic review -  5/2020             Current SSIG Count = 6

T 263 sp-16  Identification of wood and fibers from conifers
                      Automatic review - 5/2020               Current SSIG Count = 7

Sulfite and Semichemical Pulping
 T 604 cm-09  Sulfur dioxide in sulfite cooking liquor
                        Draft 2                                            Current SSIG Count = 6

Building and Industrial Material
 The below Standards are also in need of additional participants prior to opening up Ballot 2 this year.      
T 1006 sp-15   Testing of fiber glass mats: use of modified TAPPI procedures for sampling and lot acceptance, stiffness, tear resistance, and thickness
T 1007 sp-15   Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets
T 1008 sp-15   Test conditions for fiberglass mat test methods
T 1009 om-16  Tensile strength and elongation at break for fiber glass mats
T 1011 om-15  Basis weight of fiber glass mats
T 1012 om-15  Moisture content of fiber glass mats
T 1013 om-15  Loss on ignition of fiber glass mats
T 1014 om-15  Moisture sensitivity of fiber glass mats
T 1015 sp-15   Fiber glass mat uniformity (visual defects)
T 1016 om-15  Average fiber diameter of fiber glass mats

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact or visit

Standards Coming Up For Review

The system for review and development of TAPPI Standards requires an announcement of review dates so that any interested TAPPI parties may access the drafts, submit comments, and/or join the Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) to cast an official vote.

The list of Standards up for review in 2021 has been corrected to remove two Standards that were incorrectly classified as up for review in October 2021.  These Classical Methods have a 10 year review timeframe so will not be up for review until 2026.    

T 204 cm-17        Solvent extractives of wood and pulp     

T 418 cm-17        Organic nitrogen in paper and paperboard

The below 24 Standards will be up for review in 2021.  The date indicated is the target date on which the draft will be distributed to the Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) for that particular Standard.

Any interested individuals who wish to be part of the voting for any Standard should contact the Standards Department at TAPPI (, phone +1-770-209-7249 or fax +1-770-446-6947) and request voting membership on the corresponding SSIG, prior to the target ballot date.  You may also visit and complete the short form to get started.  If you join the Standard Specific Interest Group for any Standard, you will receive a notice for ballot at the proper time with instructions for casting your vote and making your comments. 

T 559 cm-12 Grease resistance test for paper and paperboard - April 21

T 400 sp-17 Sampling and accepting a single lot of paper, paperboard, containerboard, or related product - April 21

T 278 sp-17 Pulp screening (Valley-type screening device) - April 21

T 227 om-17 Freeness of pulp (Canadian standard method) - April 21

T 433 cm-12  Water resistance of sized paper and paperboard (dry indicator method) - April 21

T 448 om-17  Water vapor transmission rate of paper and paperboard at 23 degrees C and 50% RH - April 21

T 581 om-17 Dry tensile properties of paper towel and tissue products (using constant rate of elongation apparatus) - April 21

T 413 om-17 Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard:  combustion at 900 degrees C - April 21

T 838 cm-12 Edge crush test using neckdown - April 21

T 821 om-17 Pin adhesion of corrugated board by selective separation - April 21

T 827 om-17 Box blank dimensioning - April 21

T 809 om-17 Flat crush of corrugating medium (CMT test) - April 21

T 811 om-17  Edgewise compressive strength of corrugated fiberboard (short column test) - April 21

T 810 om-17 Bursting strength of corrugated board - April 21

T 802 om-17 Drop test for fiberboard shipping containers - April 21

T 519 om-17 Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing) - April 21

T 832 om-17 Water absorption of corrugating medium: float curl method - October 21

T 525 om-17 Diffuse brightness of paper, paperboard and pulp (d/0) – ultraviolet level C - October 21

T 1214 sp-17 Interrelation of reflectance, R0; reflectivity, R ; TAPPI opacity, C0.89; scattering, s; and absorption, k - October 21

T 1219 sp-17 Storage of paper samples for optical measurements and color matching - October 21

T 234 cm-12 Coarseness of pulp fibers - November 21

T 483 cm-12 Odor of packaging materials - November 21

T 697 cm-12 Accelerated test for viscosity stability of clay slurries - November 21

T 665 cm-12 Analysis of talc - November 21   

Announcement of SARG Meeting

The next meeting of the Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG) is scheduled for Tuesday, May 18, 2021 at 10:00am – 10:30am (EST) virtually. SARG approval is the last step prior to publication for any new, reaffirmed or revised standards.

In order to act on any appeals from TAPPI members relevant to the standards up for approval, the SARG meeting is open to anyone for participation. The agenda will be posted on the SARG page. The final drafts will be posted by March 31st.

If you would like to participate, please send a message to by May 2nd.


U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6

If you would like to know more or join the U.S. TAG to ISO/TC 6, please write to

Did You Know

... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone to review, but to vote and comment you must be a member of the SSIG.

Each Standard has its own SSIG – so you have to sign up for each Standard that you have an interest in. Links to all of the SSIGs (by subject category) can be found on the Subject Category for Standards web page. Visit to join now.  

Acronyms You May Need to Know For details on these commonly used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

TIP = Technical Information Paper

Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee

SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group

SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group

WI = Work Item

WG = Working Group

WGC = Working Group Chair

om = Official Method

pm = Provisional Method

sp = Standard Practice

cm = Classical Method

ss = Standard Specification

sg  = Standard Guideline

gl = Standard Glossary

wd = Withdrawn Standard

UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI StandardsTIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page.

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery. For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The TAPPI CD of Standards, TIPs, and UMs has been discontinued for 2021. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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