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The Standards Team is on a roll! 50 Standards projected to be published by the end of 2021

Don't miss the chance to vote on reviews! Click here to join any
Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) 

Be more efficient and keep up-to-date with TAPPI Standards & TIPs... Access them online either as a subscriber to either an Individual or Company License. See information on the Web for Individual Licenses and Company Licenses or call TAPPI at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (International).
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New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Standards Update

T 699 wd-21 Analysis of pulping liquors by suppressed ion chromatography (Withdrawn)

  • Members may obtain a copy of the last version of a withdrawn standard or TIP upon request at NO CHARGE.
  • Nonmembers must pay $10 for a copy of the latest version of a Withdrawn Method or TIP. 
  • No versions of Withdrawn Methods earlier than the last one published may be distributed without the approval of the Standards Manager.

Check here the list of TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) recently published:

TIP 0305-39 Troubleshooting the Die Cutting Section (Revised)
TIP 0404-51 Paper Machine Clothing Cleaning and Conditioning for Recycled Fiber Use (Revised)
TIP 0404-31 Recommended Dryer Differential Pressures (Revised)
TIP 0502-14 Forming Section Monitoring (Reaffirmed)
TIP 0304-46 Techniques for Running “WRA” (Water Resistant Starch Adhesive)
TIP 0808-07 Objective Determination of the Haptic Properties of Tissue Products

Special thanks to the SSIG members below for being the Working Group Chairs (WGC) in the recently published reviews of TAPPI TIPs:

TIP 0305-39 - Ronald Spice - WGC  
TIP 0404-51 - John Neun - WGC 
TIP 0404-31 - Greg Wedel - WGC 
TIP 0502-14 - Thomas Rodencal - WGC 
TIP 0304-46 - Jeff Gebauer - WGC 
TIP 0808-07 - Giselher Grüner - WGC 

The following TAPPI Standards have been approved as American National Standards by the ANSI Board of Standards Review:

New American National Standards
T 258 om-21 Basic density and moisture content of pulpwood
T 414 om-21 Internal tearing resistance of paper (Elmendorf-type method)
T 556 om-21 Bending resistance of paper and paperboard by single-point bending methods
T 560 om-21 CIE whiteness and tint of paper and paperboard (d/0 geometry, C/2 illuminant/observer)
T 562 om-21 CIE whiteness and tint of paper and paperboard (45/0 geometry, C/2 illuminant/observer)
T 829 om-21 Score quality test

Approved reaffirmation of current American National Standards
T 257 sp-21 Sampling and preparing wood for analysis
T 437 om-21 Dirt in paper and paperboard
T 454 om-21 Turpentine test for voids in glassine and greaseproof papers
T 512 sp-21 Creasing of flexible packaging material paper specimens for testing
T 529 om-21 Surface pH measurement of paper
T 563 om-21 Equivalent black area (EBA) and count of visible dirt in pulp, paper and paperboard by image analysis

Approved revision of current American National Standards
T 272 sp-21 Forming handsheets for reflectance testing of pulp (sheet machine procedure)
T 402 sp-21 Standard conditioning and testing atmospheres for paper, board, pulp handsheets, and related products
T 657 sp-21 Sampling of fillers and pigments
T 826 om-21 Short span compressive strength of containerboard
T 831 om-21 Water absorption of corrugating medium: water drop penetration test
T 1215 sp-21 The determination of instrumental color differences

Special note: Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards and TIPs are updated once a month (usually around the 15th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards and TIPs and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request for TIPs to or for Standards to

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

T 1006 sp-15 Testing of fiber glass mats: use of modified TAPPI procedures for sampling and lot acceptance, stiffness, tear resistance, and thickness (09/04/2021)
T 1008 sp-15 Test conditions for fiber glass mat test methods (09/04/2021)
T 1011 om-15 Basis weight of fiber glass mats (09/05/2021)
T 1012 om-15 Moisture content of fiber glass mats (09/05/2021)
T 1007 sp-15 Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets (09/05/2021)
T 1013 om-15 Loss on ignition of fiber glass mats (09/05/2021)
T 1014 om-15 Moisture sensitivity of fiber glass mats (09/05/2021)
T 1016 om-15 Average fiber diameter of fiber glass mats (09/05/2021)
T 211 om-16 Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard: combustion at 525 degrees C (08/14/2021)
T 207 cm-08 Water solubility of wood and pulp (07/29/2021)
T 261 cm-10 Fines fraction by weight of paper stock by wet screening (07/29/2021)
T 221 cm-09 Drainage time of pulp (08/14/2021)
T 461 cm-09 Flame resistance of treated paper and paperboard (08/12/2021)
T 520 cm-07 Curl of gummed flat paper (08/12/2021)
T 684 om-15 Gross heating value of black liquor (07/30/2021)
T 822 om-16 Ring crush of paperboard (rigid support method) (07/30/2021)
T 835 om-14 Water absorption of corrugating medium: water drop absorption test (07/30/2021)
T 421 om-12 Qualitative (including optical microscopic) analysis of mineral filler and mineral coating of paper (08/02/2021)
T 231 cm-07 Zero-span breaking strength of pulp (dry zero-span tensile) (08/26/2021)
T 235 cm-09 Alkali solubility of pulp at 25°C (09/02/2021)
T 264 cm-07 Preparation of wood for chemical analysis (09/09/2021)
T 252 om-16 pH and electrical conductivity of hot water extracts of pulp, paper, and paperboard (08/20/2021)
T 509 om-15 Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method) (08/20/2021)
T 406 om-13 Reducible sulfur in paper and paperboard (08/23/2021)
T 646 om-11 Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (45/0) (08/28/2021)
T 263 sp-16 Identification of wood and fibers from conifers (09/05/2021)
T 578 sp-16 Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure apparatus (09/05/2021)

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate on any SSIGs to review and vote on Standards, please click here or contact

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TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item. 

0402 - Corrosion and Materials Engineering

7/15/2021 TIP NEW [Guidelines for Rotary Lime Kiln Refractory]. WGC: Christopher Macey

0404 - Water Removal

5/26/2021 TIP 0404-41 [Granite roll material and surface requirements]. WGC: Philip H. Wells

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to

General Announcements

Propose a New Standard or Technical Information Paper (TIP)

Getting started is easy. Do you have just a general idea for a Standard, or are you farther along and have a substantial draft? If you just have a general idea for a Standard or TIP, complete the New Idea Submission form. TAPPI will review your idea and identify an appropriate committee or group to work on your suggestion. If you are further along, send an initial draft to From there, the TAPPI Standards Manager will guide you through the appropriate process to finalize and approve the new document.

Volunteer Engagement - Getting the Industry Involved!

In Spring 2020, the Quality and Standards Management Committee (Q&SMC) created a Standards Engagement Task Force to promote SSIG involvement. Thanks to the efforts of the volunteers on this task force: Chris Czyryza, Dave Carlson, Colleen Walker, Dennis Crawshaw, M. Todd Popson and Mary Kombolias. There have been over 80 updates to various SSIGs including 22 individuals increasing their Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) involvement and even new individuals have joined SSIGs. We have also worked with the task force to create more engagement collateral. Please feel free to share the flyers bellow with your friends and colleagues.

As always, thank you for all you do to support TAPPI Standards and TIPs. We look forward to sharing more updates with you soon! Join an SSIG today!


STAR of the Month

A Man Dedicated to The Industry

“Standards allow us to operate in a way that makes our lives easier.” – Jeff T. Lundeen, PhD

Jeff Lundeen, PhD, retired as a Senior Research Director of R&D at Georgia-Pacific's Neenah Technical Center.He has worked in the pulp and paper industry for 40 years and has a wide range of experience in pulping, bleaching and many grades of paper, paperboard, and nonwovens.

Dr. Lundeen has been a member of TAPPI since 1989. During that time, he has been an active member of the Chemical Properties, Physical Properties, and Optical Properties committees, as well as the Tissue Properties subcommittee.  He was awarded a Division Leadership & Service Award by the Process and Product Quality Division.

In addition to his membership on TAPPI technical committees, he is also a member of the INDA Flushability committee and one of the US representatives on the ISO TC6 committee.

What sparked your interest in Standards?

I started in the industry 40 years ago supervising various types of testing labs. As I began, Standards were an excellent way to bring me up to speed on how the industry tested. It’s a great way to quickly increase your knowledge and meet other experts in the field to bounce ideas off of. Overall, I became interested in Standards as a path to assisting my career and acquiring knowledge.

Click below for full interview↓


Join us for a Live Q&A: Ask The Expert Event - Physical Properties of Paper and Paperboard

Here’s your chance to get answers to questions, directly from an expert. Log on to TAPPI Connect on Friday, July 30, 2021, from 10:00am to 12:00pm EDT, to participate in a live discussion led by expert Dennis Crawshaw. He is Manager of Analytical Sciences at International Paper, a prominent member of TAPPI’s Quality and Standards Management Committee (Q&SMC) and a longstanding active Standards’ volunteer. Crawshaw will be addressing questions on the basic physical properties of paper and paperboard, and how they are measured, as described in the TAPPI book Properties of Paper: An Introduction by William E. Scott and James C. Abbott, in collaboration with Stanley Trosset, and in numerous TAPPI Standards.

This Q&A session will include topics such as structural properties like basis weight, thickness, roughness, porosity, formation, and directionality; mechanical and strength properties tensile, tear, burst, fold, internal bond, z-direction, short-span compression, ring crush, abrasion resistance, stiffness, Concora medium test, edge crush, and flat crush.  Plus, topics such as barrier properties Cobb and Hercules size tests; appearance properties brightness, shade, opacity, and gloss; and surface properties coefficient of friction and slide angle. Note that this Q&A event will not cover towel, tissue, napkin, or facial products.

Brainstorming About a Question to Ask?

Are you curious about this topic? But don't have a specific question. You can log in and monitor the conversation without participating. It will also be archived, so you can revisit it as much as needed in the future. Visit the Ask the Expert events archive.

Please feel free to post your questions on the Open Forum feed, or watch/read as others post their questions. Dennis Crawshaw will respond as quickly as possible. If he does have an opportunity to respond to your question during the event, the question will be addressed within the next week. This live session will also be archived and accessible after the event.

To attend, all you need to do is Login anytime between 10:00am and noon (EST) on Friday, July 30.


Each month the Standards Department will acknowledge their most valuable members.

  • Chris Czyryca – Most reliable member continuously overlooking the quality and management of the Standards Department
  • Walter Rantanen – Valued member involved with TAPPI Standards and providing volunteers
  • Ben Frank – Most organized and detailed member
  • Colleen Walker ­­­– Knowledgeable member providing guidance
  • Dave Carlson – Valued member providing history and context
  • Todd Bolton – Best newly involved SSIG member
  • Martti Tuomisto – Most innovative SSIG member
  • John Norton – Valued member updated the Fiberglass Mat Committee SSIG rosters
  • Peter Wallace – Long standing member updated the Fiberglass Mat Committee SSIG rosters
  • Bogdan Marian Tofanica – Most dependable SSIG member
SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:


Alkaline Pulping

T 692 om-13      Determination of suspended solids in kraft green and white liquors

                            Draft 2                                Current SSIG Count = 8 


 Chemical Properties

T 223 cm-10       Pentosans in wood and pulp                                   

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 7

T 244 cm-11       Acid-insoluble ash in wood, pulp, paper, and paperboard             

                            Automatic review - 9/2020             Current SSIG Count = 9

T 429 cm-10       Alpha-cellulose in paper                            

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 6

T 434 cm-10       Acid-soluble iron in paper                                       

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 5

T 435 om-16      Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (hot extraction method)       

                            Automatic review - 5/2020             Current SSIG Count = 6

T 493 cm-10       Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper   

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 5

T 600 om-15       Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and of free formaldehyde in resins 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 8

T 613 cm-10       Analysis of caustic soda                             

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 6

T 617 cm-10       Analysis of lime                                           

                            Automatic review - 5/2019           Current SSIG Count = 9

T 618 cm-10       Analysis of limestone                                 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 6

T 619 cm-10       Analysis of salt cake                                                  

                            Automatic review - 5/2019           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 621 cm-10       Analysis of rosin                                                        

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 6

T 622 cm-10       Analysis of sodium hydrosulfite               

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 9

T 628 cm-10       Analysis of rosin size                                                 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019        Current SSIG Count = 6

T 632 cm-11       Analysis of sodium silicate                                       

                            Automatic review - 5/2020          Current SSIG Count = 6


Fillers and Pigments
T438 cm-06  Zinc and Cadmium in Paper
                      Draft 2                                              Current SSIG Count = 9


Optical Properties
T 519 om-17  Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing)
                       Automatic review - 4/2021              Current SSIG Count = 9

T 1214 sp-17  Interrelation of reflectance, R0; reflectivity, R ; TAPPI opacity, C0.89; scattering, s; and absorption, k
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 1219 sp-17  Storage of paper samples for optical measurements and color matching
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 9


Physical Properties
T 516 cm-11  Envelope seal, seam, and window patch testing
                       Automatic review - 5/2020              Current SSIG Count = 9


Pulp Properties
T 226 cm-11  Specific external surface of pulp
                       Automatic review -  5/2020             Current SSIG Count = 9


Sulfite and Semichemical Pulping
 T 604 cm-09  Sulfur dioxide in sulfite cooking liquor
                        Draft 2                                            Current SSIG Count = 6


Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact or visit

U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6


U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6 welcome Tom Staal as their newest member. Tom has been a TAPPI Member since 1995. He previously served as Chair of the Fiberboard Shipping Container Testing Committee. TAPPI appreciates his commitment to the industry.

We currently have 29 experts on the U.S. TAG/ ISO TC 6, but we are always seeking additional knowledge and assistance. Areas of particular need are: paper ageing, boxes, combined board, cores, environmental, and fiber. If you would like to know more or join the U.S. TAG/ ISO TC 6, please write to

M. Todd Popson
Chair of  U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6

Did You Know

... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone to review, but to vote and comment you must be a member of the SSIG.

Each Standard has its own SSIG – so you have to sign up for each Standard that you have an interest in. Links to all of the SSIGs (by subject category) can be found on the Subject Category for Standards web page. Visit to join now.  

Acronyms You May Need to Know For details on these commonly used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

TIP = Technical Information Paper

Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee

SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group

SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group

WI = Work Item

WG = Working Group

WGC = Working Group Chair

om = Official Method

pm = Provisional Method

sp = Standard Practice

cm = Classical Method

ss = Standard Specification

sg  = Standard Guideline

gl = Standard Glossary

wd = Withdrawn Standard

UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI StandardsTIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page.

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery. For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The TAPPI CD of Standards, TIPs, and UMs has been discontinued for 2021. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


Search and Order

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Standards Guidelines

TIPs Guidelines

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