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TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

T 203 cm-09 Alpha-, beta- and gamma-cellulose in pulp (March 31, 2019)

T 249 cm-09 Carbohydrate composition of extractive-free wood and wood pulp by gas-liquid chromatography (March 31, 2019)

T 274 sp-13 Laboratory screening of pulp (MasterScreen-type instrument) (March 24, 2019)

T 402 sp-13 Standard conditioning and testing atmospheres for paper, board, pulp handsheets, and related products (March 10, 2019) 

T 428 om-13 Hot water extractable acidity or alkalinity of paper (March 31, 2019) 

T 432 cm-09 Water absorbency of bibulous papers (March 11, 2019)

T 449 om-14 Bacteriological examination of paper and paperboard (February 28, 2019)

T 461 cm-09 Flame resistance of treated paper and paperboard (March 11, 2019)

T 479 cm-09 Smoothness of paper (Bekk method) (March 11, 2019)

T 507 cm-09 Grease resistance of flexible packaging materials (March 11, 2019)

T 544 cm-08 Aging of paper and board with moist heat (March 11, 2019)*

T 577 om-13 Score bend test (March 11, 2019)

T 648 om-14 Viscosity of coating clay slurry (February 28, 2019)

T 702 om-14 Rheological measurements for characterization of polyolefins: low-density polyethylene (LDPE) for extrusion coating (February 22, 2019)

T 820 cm-09 Flexural stiffness of corrugated board (March 30, 2019)

T 1200 sp-14 Interlaboratory evaluation of test methods to determine TAPPI repeatability and reproducibility (March 11, 2019)

T 1205 sp-14 Dealing with suspect (outlying) test determinations (March 11, 2019)

* Deadline extended after addition of new SSIG members.

 The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate in the SSIGs that review and vote on the Standards, please contact TAPPI Standards Department at 

TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item.

0416 - Steam & Power/Energy Management
1/28/19 TIP 0416-10 Stripping of kraft pulping process condensates: regulations, design and operation. WGC: L. Paul Johnson

0402 - Corrosion & Materials Engineering
1/30/19 TIP 0402-35 Post-fabrication cleaning of stainless steel in the pulp and paper industry. WGC: Michael Lykins

0502 - Papermakers
2/5/19 TIP 0502-16 Pilot paper and wet laid nonwoven machines. WGC: Thomas E. Rodencal

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to

Proposed New Standards and TIPs

The scope of the proposal for a new Technical Information Paper is shown below, as well as the assigned Subject Category, the date when the Work Item was opened, the title of the new proposal and the name of the Working Group Chair (WGC).

0404 - Water Removal
2/4/19 TIP 0404-XX Thermocompressor Applications for Paper Drying. WGC: Mike Soucy

This Technical Information Paper provides guidelines for thermocompressor applications in paper machine steam and condensate systems.
This TIP provides a review of the theory of thermocompressor operation as well as some practical guidelines and common mistakes on typical applications.
Thermocompressors are widely used in paper machine steam and condensate systems. A thermocompressor is a jet ejector that uses high-pressure motive steam to recompress lower pressure steam. Typical applications include re-circulating blowthrough steam in a group of dryers or a Yankee cylinder, or boosting low-pressure steam for use in a system requiring higher operating pressures.
Please note that it is essential to establish proper design conditions, since thermocompressors are custom built for each application. An incorrectly designed unit can be unstable, uncontrollable, and waste significant amounts of steam.
The intention of this TIP is not to provide an engineering guideline for detailed design of thermocompressors or thermocompressor systems – this is a task that should be reserved for companies or individuals with specialized tools and expertise in these applications – but rather to provide an overview of thermocompressor application and operation.

If you would like to join the Working Group or review the final draft for this new proposal, please write to

Members for Working Groups of TIPs needed

Volunteers to chair the following working groups of Technical Information Papers (TIPs) are needed.
All Working Groups of TIPs require a minimum of 3 TAPPI members from 3 different companies in order to review a TIP. The following TIPs do not have an assigned Working Group Chair (WGC) to initiate the review:

WGC needed
0304-20 Calibration of flexible beam crush tester
0304-23 Statistical process control pin adhesion
0304-24 Calibration and maintenance of the burst tester
0304-42 Go/no go gauge devices for the boxplant
0304-37 How to prevent score cracking in a box plant
0304-42 Go/no go gauge devices for the boxplant
0304-46 Techniques for running "WRA" (water resistant starch adhesive)
0304-60 A procedure to proof a flexo printing ink
0304-72 Critical properties to consider when unitizing
0305-06 Machinery considerations and selection
0305-23 Rotary cutting die maintenance
0305-32 Housekeeping at order and shift change and weekly
0305-34 Daily, weekly, and monthly maintenance press checklists
0305-35 Rotary diecutter urethane anvil maintenance
0305-38 Troubleshooting the printing section
0305-43 Extruded glue mechanism supplement
0305-49 Checklist: preparing diecuts for shipment
0305-54 Material handling considerations for flexo folder gluers
0306-06 Drying and curing techniques for in-line flexographic printing
0404-04 Recommended tensions in dryer fabrics
0404-50 Paper machine room ventilation guidelines
0404-64 Press fabric guiding
0410-05 Head of stock behind slice (head/jet and slice flow rate relationships)
0410-08 Control of stock jump on a fourdrinier wire
0410-10 Weirs and flumes
0410-14 Generalized method for determining the pipe friction loss of flowing pulp suspensions
0410-15 Optimum consistency for pumping pulp
0603-02 Stickies definition and classification
1205-02 Cotton in nonwovens
If you would like to join a Working Group of a TIP, please write to for more information.
SSIG Members Needed
The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.  
All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members for opening ballots to review drafts of TAPPI Standards. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:
SSIGs that need 1 member:
T 222 Acid-Insoluble Lignin in Wood and Pulp
T 244 Acid-Insoluble Ash in Wood, Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard
T 248 Laboratory Beating of Pulp (PFI Mill Method)
T 252 pH and electrical conductivity of hot water extracts of pulp, paper, and paperboard
T 255 Water-Soluble Sulfates in Pulp and Paper
T 256 Water-Soluble Chlorides in Pulp and Paper
T 263 Identification of Wood Fibers from Conifers
T 265 Natural Dirt in Wood Chips
T 406 Reducible Sulfur in Paper and Paperboard
T 430 Copper Number of Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard
T 438 Zinc and cadmium in paper
T 504 Glue in Paper (Qualitative and Quantitative Determination)
 T 602 Analysis of Sulfuric Acid
T 646 Brightness of Clay and Other Mineral Pigments (45/0)

SSIGs that need 2 members:
T 223 Pentosans in Wood and Pulp
T 226 Specific External Surface of Pulp
T 237 Carboxyl Content of Pulp
T 267 Compression Wood Identification in Pulpwood
T 268 Weight-Volume Measurement of Pulpwood
T 418 Organic Nitrogen in Paper and Paperboard
T 429 Alpha-Cellulose in Paper
T 435 Hydrogen Ion Concentration (pH) of Paper Extracts (Hot Extraction Method)
T 509 Hydrogen Ion Concentration (pH) of Paper Extracts (Cold Extraction Method)
T 610 Preparation of Indicators and Standard Solutions
T 611 Analysis of Bleaching Powder, Calcium Hypochlorite Bleach Liquor and Bleach Sludge
T 617 Analysis of Lime
T 619 Analysis of salt cake
T 624 Analysis of Soda and Sulfate White and Green Liquors
T 625 Analysis of Soda and Sulfate Black Liquor
T 699 Analysis of Pulping Liquors by Suppressed Ion Chromatography

SSIGs that need 3 members:
T 421 Qualitative (including optical microscopic) analysis of mineral filler and mineral coating of paper
T 495 Bending number of paperboard
T 600 Analysis of Formaldehyde in Aqueous Solutions and of Free Formaldehyde in Resins
T 613 Analysis of caustic soda
T 618 Analysis of Limestone
T 622 Analysis of sodium hydrosulfite
T 632 Analysis of sodium silicate

SSIGs that need 4 or more members:
T 434 Acid-soluble iron in paper (4 members needed)
T 493 Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper (5 members needed)
T 621 Analysis of rosin (4 members needed)
T 628 Analysis of rosin size (4 members needed)

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to any industry expert interested. Join now!
If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you are interested in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact
Standards Coming Up For Review

The Standards listed below are due for an upcoming review in 2019. If you wish to participate in the SSIGs that will review these Standards or if you would like to request a copy of the drafts in ballot, please send your request to the Standards Administrator, at

T 200 sp-15 Laboratory beating of pulp (Valley beater method)
T 213 om-15 Dirt in pulp - chart method
T 248 sp-15 Laboratory beating of pulp (PFI mill method)
T 259 om-15 Species identification of nonwood plant fibers
T 401 om-15 Fiber analysis of paper and paperboard
T 409 sp-15 Machine direction of paper and paperboard
T 454 om-15 Turpentine test for voids in glassine and greaseproof papers
T 546 om-15 Machine-direction grammage variation measurement (gravimetric method)
T 555 om-15 Roughness of paper and paperboard (print-surf method)
T 558 om-15 Surface wettability and absorbency of sheeted materials using an automated contact angle tester
T 563 om-15 Equivalent black area (EBA) and count of visible dirt in pulp, paper and paperboard by image analysis
T 573 sp-15 Accelerated temperature aging of printing and writing paper by dry oven exposure apparatus
T 650 om-15 Solids content of black liquor
T 1007 sp-15 Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets
T 1012 om-15 Moisture content of fiber glass mats
T 1015 sp 15 Fiber glass mat uniformity (visual defects)

T 254 cm-10 Cupriethylenediamine disperse viscosity of pulp (falling ball method)
T 431 cm-10 Ink absorbency of blotting paper
T 617 cm-10 Analysis of lime
T 619 cm-10 Analysis of salt cake
T 1008 sp-15 Test conditions for fiberglass mat test methods

T 222 om-15 Acid insoluble lignin in wood and pulp
T 223 cm-10 Pentosans in wood and pulp
T 261 cm-10 Fines fraction by weight of paper stock by wet screening
T 403 om-15 Bursting strength of paper
T 411 om-15 Thickness (caliper) of paper, paperboard, and combined board
T 429 cm-10 Alpha-cellulose in paper
T 434 cm-10 Acid-soluble iron in paper
T 456 om-15 Tensile breaking strength of water-saturated paper and paperboard (“wet tensile strength”)
T 480 om-15 Specular gloss of paper and paperboard at 75 degrees
T 489 om-15 Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper and paperboard (Taber-type tester in basic configuration)
T 493 cm-10 Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper
T 509 om-15 Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method)
T 534 om-15 Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (d/0 diffuse)
T 541 om-15 Internal bond strength of paperboard (z-direction tensile)
T 553 om-15 Alkalinity of paper as calcium carbonate (alkaline reserve of paper)
T 566 om-15 Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper (Taber-type tester in 0 to 10 Taber stiffness unit configuration)
T 567 om-15 Determination of effective residual ink concentration (ERIC) by infrared reflectance measurement
T 600 om-15 Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and of free formaldehyde in resins
T 610 sp-15 Preparation of indicators and standard solutions
T 613 cm-10 Analysis of caustic soda
T 618 cm-10 Analysis of limestone
T 621 cm-10 Analysis of rosin
T 622 cm-10 Analysis of sodium hydrosulfite
T 628 cm-10 Analysis of rosin size
T 684 om-15 Gross heating value of black liquor
T 803 cm-10 Puncture test of containerboard
T 829 om-15 Score quality test
T 844 pm-15 Determining construction (nominal basis weight) of corrugated board
T 1006 sp-15 Testing of fiber glass mats: use of modified TAPPI procedures for sampling and lot acceptance, stiffness, tear resistance, air permeability, and thickness
T 1011 om-15 Basis weight of fiber glass mats
T 1013 om-15 Loss on ignition of fiber glass mats
T 1014 om-15 Moisture sensitivity of fiber glass mats
T 1016 om-15 Average fiber diameter of fiber glass mats

You may find the list of the Standards coming up for review at TAPPI website:

Acronyms You May Need to Know

For details on these commonly-used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to or

TIP = Technical Information Paper 
Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee 
SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group 
SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group 
WI = Work Item 
WG = Working Group 
WGC = Working Group Chairman 
om = Official Method 
pm = Provisional Method 
sp = Standard Practice 
cm = Classical Method 
ss = Standard Specification 
sg = Standard Guideline 
gl = Standard Glossary 
wd = Withdrawn Standard 
UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI Standards, TIPs and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website's Search and Order page.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order Item Number 0104UM____ (insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The 2018 collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs, published in January of 2018 (product code STUCD-18), is available on CD. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available. 

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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Combine the Power of TAPPI Membership and the Quality of Performance by purchasing a TAPPI membership along with Standards online.  Be a part of the TAPPI Community.

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