On this day in history
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1521: Hernan Cortes captures the city of Tenochtitlan, Mexico and sets it on fire.
1630: Emperor Ferdinand II dismisses Albert Eusebius von Wallenstein, his most capable general.
1680: War starts when the Spanish are expelled from Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Indigenous Peoples under Chief Pope.
1704: The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Austria defeat the French Army at the Battle of Blenheim.
1787: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
1889: The first coin-operated telephone is patented by William Gray.
1892: The first issue of the Afro American newspaper is published in Baltimore, Maryland.
1898: Manila, the capital of the Philippines, falls to the U.S. Army.
1910: British nurse Florence Nightingale, famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, dies.
1932: Adolf Hitler refuses to serve as Franz Von Papen's vice chancellor.
1961: Construction begins on Berlin Wall during the night.
1963: A 17-year-old Buddhist monk burns himself to death in Saigon, South Vietnam.
1978: A bomb attack in Beirut during the Second Lebanese Civil War kills more than 150 people.
1993: U.S. Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all emails.