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Record Breaking: 38 Standards 
Submitted for Final Approval at 
Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG)

Don't miss the chance to vote on reviews! Click here to join any
Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) 

Be more efficient and keep up-to-date with TAPPI Standards & TIPs... Access them online either as a subscriber to either an Individual or Company License. See information on the Web for Individual Licenses and Company Licenses or call TAPPI at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (International).
New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) recently published:

TIP 0404-33 Dryer Section Performance Monitoring (Revised)
TIP 0404-07 Paper Machine Drying Rate (Revised)
TIP 0502-01 Paper Machine Vacuum System Selection Factors (Revised)
TIP 0502-20 Catalog of Stock Preparation Pilot Plants (Revised)
TIP 0304-43 High density papers -- what are they? (Withdrawn)
TIP 0410-08 Control of stock activity on a fourdrinier table (Reaffirmed)

Special thanks to the SSIG members below for being the Working Group Chairs in the recently published reviews of TAPPI Standards:

Matt Beach - TIP 0404-33 - TIP 0404-07
Doug Sweet - TIP 0502-01
William Josephson - TIP 0502-20
Chuck Schaeufele - TIP 0304-43
Jay Shands - TIP 0410-08

The TAPPI Standards Department would also like to express its gratitude to all volunteers who participated in the review of those Standards as SSIG members.

Special note: Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards and TIPs are updated once a month (usually around the 15th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards and TIPs and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request for TIPs to or for Standards to

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

T 212 om-18 One percent sodium hydroxide solubility of wood and pulp (06/04/2022)
T 1216 sp-18 Indices for whiteness, yellowness, brightness, and luminous reflectance factor (06/04/2022)
T 232 cm-13 Fiber length of pulp by projection (06/05/2022)
T 262 sp-18 Preparation of mechanical pulps for testing (06/05/2022)
T 223 cm-10 Pentosans in wood and pulp (06/06/2022)
T 244 cm-11 Acid-insoluble ash in wood, pulp, paper, and paperboard (06/06/2022)
T 632 cm-10 Analysis of sodium silicate (06/06/2022)
T 1210 sp-18 Units of measurement and conversion factors (06/06/2022)
T 281 sp-18 Open drum washer mat sampling technique (06/10/2022)
T 419 om-18 Starch in paper (06/10/2022)
T 464 om-18 Water vapor transmission rate of paper and paperboard at high temperature and humidity (06/10/2022)
T 530 om-18 Size test for paper by ink resistance (Hercules-type method) (06/11/2022)
T 536 om-18 Resistance of paper to passage of air (high-pressure Gurley method) (06/11/2022)

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate on any SSIGs to review and vote on Standards, please click here or contact


General Announcements

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The TAPPI Press Spring Savings Event, now through April 30, 2022, is your chance to save an additional 25% on the purchase of TAPPI Press publications. Simply enter promo code APRIL25 at checkout out to take advantage of the savings.

The TAPPI Press Spring Savings Event is your chance to save 25% on all TAPPI Press publications. Simply enter promo code April25 at check out. The only catch is that the offer expires April 30, 2022. How will you make the most of this opportunity?

This is a great time to restock your corporate or personal library with new releases like Lime Kilns and Recausticizing: The Forgotten Part of a Kraft Mill, the Film Extrusion Manual, Third Edition; Kraft Recovery Boilers, Third Edition; and Guidelines for the Safe Assessment and Operation of Yankee Dryers.

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Download and dive in! The Connected Community app (a user friendly mobile version of TAPPI Connect) gives you an easy way to participate, no matter where you are. See how others are using it…

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STAR of the Month

T 582 pm-22: High Shear Capillary Viscosity of Coating Color on Paper and Paperboard

Rod and blade coating with roll or jet application, film transfer coating and curtain coating are the most used techniques for paper or paperboard coating at high speeds. Coating colors are subjected to high stresses on all coaters, and shear rates can be at 500,000 1/s or higher. Therefore, this new standard method can be used for simulations of different coaters to help papermakers optimize blade pressures, coat weights and raw materials in order to avoid or solve runnability problems caused by coating colors.

Capillary viscosity data has proven to predict accurately coater runnability problems, which are based on rheological behaviors of coating colors. As a result, capillary viscosity can be used at paper and paperboard mills on daily basis as a prescreening device on different recipes before applying then on high-speed blade, rod or transfer coaters. No such previous test method or standard existed before.

Publishing date: January 24th, 2022

Purchasing link:

SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:

 Opticcal Properties

T 653 om-07 Specular gloss of paper and paperboard at 20 degrees  

  • Draft 4                                          Current SSIG Count = 8

Fillers and Pigments
T 438 cm-06 Zinc and Cadmium in Paper

  • Draft 2                                          Current SSIG Count = 9

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact or visit

Standards Ready for Final Approval at SARG

The list below show the 38 Standards that are ready to be submitted to SARG at its Spring 2022 meeting:
(* = indicates Standards eligible for submission as American National Standards)

T 203 Alpha-, beta-, and gamma-, cellulose in pulp (Reaffirmed)

*T 211 Ash in wood, pulp, paper, and paperboard: combustion at 525 degrees C (Reaffirmed)

T 221 Drainage time of pulp (Reaffirmed)

T 231 Zero-span breaking strength of pulp (dry zero-span tensile) (Reaffirmed)

T 235 Alkali solubility of pulp at 25°C (Reaffirmed)

T 237 Carboxyl content of pulp (Reaffirmed)

*T 252 pH and electrical conductivity of hot water extracts of pulp, paper, and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

T 261 Fines fraction by weight of paper stock by wet screening (Reaffirmed)

T 264 Preparation of wood for chemical analysis (Reaffirmed)

*T 268 Weight-volume measurement of pulpwood (Reaffirmed)

*T 400 Sampling and accepting a single lot of paper, paperboard, containerboard, or related product (Reaffirmed)

T 408 Rosin in paper and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

*T 412 Moisture in pulp, paper, and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

T 430 Copper number of pulp, paper, and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

*T 435 Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (hot extraction method) (Reaffirmed)

*T 456 Tensile breaking strength of water-saturated paper and paperboard (“wet tensile strength”) (Revision)

T 461 Flame resistance of treated paper and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

*T 489 Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper and paperboard (Taber-type tester in basic configuration) (Revision)

*T 494 Tensile properties of paper and paperboard (using constant rate of elongation apparatus) (Revision)

T 507 Grease resistance of flexible packaging materials (Reaffirmed)

*T 509 Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method) (Reaffirmed)

T 520 Curl of gummed flat paper (Reaffirmed)

*T 538 Roughness of paper and paperboard (Sheffield method) (Reaffirmed)

*T 543 Bending resistance of paper (Gurley-type tester) (Reaffirmed)

*T 546 Machine-direction grammage variation measurement (gravimetric method) (Reaffirmed)

*T 550 Determination of equilibrium moisture in pulp, paper, and paperboard for chemical analysis (Reaffirmed)

*T 555 Roughness of paper and paperboard (print-surf method) (Revision)

*T 569 Internal bond strength (Scott type) (Revision)

*T 610 Preparation of indicators and standard solutions (Reaffirmed)

*T 646 Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (45/0) (Reaffirmed)

*T 648 Viscosity of coating clay slurry (Revision)

*T 684 Gross heating value of black liquor (Reaffirmed)

*T 702 Rheological measurements for characterization of polyolefins: low-density polyethylene (LDPE) for extrusion coating (Revision)

T 820 Flexural stiffness of corrugated board (Withdrawal)

*T 835 Water absorption of corrugating medium: water drop absorption test (Revision)

*T 1009 Tensile Strength and elongation at break for fiber glass mats (Reaffirmed)

*T 1016 Average fiber diameter of fiber glass mats (Reaffirmed)

A copy of the final draft for all these Standards can be found in the SARG page.

Announcement of SARG Meeting

The next meeting of the Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG) is scheduled for Thursday, May 12, 2022, 12:00pm – 1:00pm (EST). SARG approval is the last step prior to publication for any new, reaffirmed or revised standard.

In order to act on any appeals from TAPPI members relevant to the standards up for approval, the SARG meeting is open to anyone for participation. The agenda has been posted on the SARG page. There are links from the agenda items to the final drafts that are up for approval.

If you would like to participate by conference call, please send a message before May 5, 2022, to


Did You Know

... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone to review, but to vote and comment you must be a member of the SSIG.

Each Standard has its own SSIG – so you have to sign up for each Standard that you have an interest in. Links to all of the SSIGs (by subject category) can be found on the Subject Category for Standards web page. Visit to join now.  

Acronyms You May Need to Know For details on these commonly used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

TIP = Technical Information Paper

Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee

SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group

SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group

WI = Work Item

WG = Working Group

WGC = Working Group Chair

om = Official Method

pm = Provisional Method

sp = Standard Practice

cm = Classical Method

ss = Standard Specification

sg  = Standard Guideline

gl = Standard Glossary

wd = Withdrawn Standard

UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI StandardsTIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page.

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery. For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The TAPPI CD of Standards, TIPs, and UMs has been discontinued for 2021. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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