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Fall is Brewing Along With
More Standards & TIPs Updates!

Don't miss the chance to vote on reviews! Click here to join any
Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) 

Be more efficient and keep up-to-date with TAPPI Standards & TIPs... Access them online either as a subscriber to either an Individual or Company License. See information on the Web for Individual Licenses and Company Licenses or call TAPPI at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (International).
New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Check here the list of TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) recently published:

TIP 0410-15 The Impact of Pressing on Web Densification (NEW)
TIP 0402-35 Post-Fabrication Cleaning of Stainless Steel in the Pulp and Paper Industry (REVISED)

Special thanks to the members below for being Working Group Chairs in recently published reviews of TAPPI TIPs:

Paul Krochak - TIP 0410-15
Michael Lykins -
TIP 0402-35

Special note: Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards and TIPs are updated once a month (usually around the 15th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards and TIPs and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request for TIPs to or for Standards to

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

T 546 om-15 Machine-direction grammage variation measurement (gravimetric method) (10/29/2021)
T 413 om-17 Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard: combustion at 900°C (11/3/2021)
T 702 om-14 Rheological measurements for characterization of polyolefins: low-density polyethylene (LDPE) for extrusion coating (11/4/2021)
T 409 sp-15 Machine direction of paper and paperboard (11/26/2021)
T 435 om-16 Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (hot extraction method) (11/26/2021)
T 274 sp-13 Laboratory screening of pulp (MasterScreen-type instrument) (11/26/2021)
T 555 om-15 Roughness of paper and paperboard (print-surf method) (11/26/2021)
T 403 om-15 Bursting strength of paper (11/26/2021)
T 617 cm-10 Analysis of lime (11/26/2021)
T 610 sp-15 Analysis of bleaching powder, calcium hypochlorite bleach liquor and bleach sludge (11/26/2021)
T 494 om-13 Tensile properties of paper and paperboard (using constant rate of elongation apparatus (11/29/2021)
T 400 sp-17 Sampling and accepting a single lot of paper, paperboard, containerboard, or related product (11/29/2021)
T 525 om-17 Diffuse brightness of paper, paperboard and pulp (d/0) -- ultraviolet level C (12/11/2021)
T 456 om-15 Tensile breaking strength of water-saturated paper and paperboard (“wet tensile strength”)  (12/11/2021)

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate on any SSIGs to review and vote on Standards, please click here or contact

TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item. 

0508- Stock Preparation

5/21/2019 - TIP 0508-06 Refiner Systems: Their Inspection and Maintenance. WGC: Jacob Hyland

0502- Papermakers

10/07/2021 - TIP 0502-13 Guidelines for Retention Measurements. WGC: David Burton

0404- Forming and Pressing

10/07/2021 - TIP 0404-48 Terminology for High Temperature Pressing. WGC: Phillip Wells

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to


General Announcements

Use Your Technical Knowledge
for the Greater Good

Urgent need for 5-7 volunteers to perform
a Standards review required by the FDA

The Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG) for Standard T 449 om-14 Bacteriological examination of paper and paperboard needs 5-7 new members to ballot and complete the next review. Part of the Papermaking Additives Committee, this method is important because it provides a procedure for determining the number of colony-forming units (CFU’s) per gram of paper or paperboard in accordance with the requirements of the Dairymen’s Standard as published by the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Food and Drug Administration.

Your participation in this SSIG can impact the health and safety of your community. Trained technicians follow the procedures in Standard T 449 om-14 under appropriate laboratory conditions to ensure quality assurance and safety to create reproducible results in performing bacteriological examinations of paper and paperboard that is intended for use as single service containers and closures for dairy products. Join now!

All TAPPI Standards Test Methods have a SSIG made up of industry professionals who regularly review and vote on that Test Method. Each SSIG must have a minimum of 10 volunteers to conduct a valid review. Participation requires 20 minutes or less over the course of a year. There are no obligated meetings to attend and it’s an easy way to impact the industry while sharing your technical knowledge and growing as an influencer. You don’t have to be an expert to participate, and young professionals are more than welcome!

STAR of the Month

2021 STAR Members

Martti Tuomisto  
Martti Tuomisto  


Is there anything you want to add about your experience with TAPPI and the Paper Industry?

TAPPI and a few other organizations are working hard to change the perception of the paper industry within communities. There’s still a lot of misconception about the industry over cutting trees, polluting the air and water, but that is not so much of a reality anymore. We need to continuously work on educating people. Nowadays, many paper companies are changing the way they utilize wood resources and pulping by-products as biomaterials for many different end-uses. For example, Finland started up one huge “bio-product mill” and is now building another similar mill over 2 million tons per year for the purpose of developing and utilizing pulping by-products to the maximum extent, while the main product stream is still paper-grade market pulp. Traditionally, pulp mills produce a lot of energy by burning the black liquor as only 45-50% of wood raw material comes out as pulp fiber and the rest is typically utilized in energy production.

Donald Guay  
Donald Guay    


What do you think would be a good way for the industry to recruit new talent?

From the industry perspective, there’s always this stigma of manufacturing. First, you must overcome that. The headlines of mills closing is always a problem. Most people don’t understand that the overall industry is very successful and in demand. Tissue, liner, and specialty paper are very stable, and in many cases growing. What people hear is that printing and writing mills are going away. What they don’t necessarily hear about are mills like the one in Rumford, Maine. The Rumford mill last year was 100% printing and writing; this year it may not even be 50% printing and writing anymore, but it’s still running. There’s a misconception about the future of the industry and that paper is going away, but most people don’t understand that printing and writing paper is a relatively small portion of the industry. Though it may continue to shrink, the rest of the pulp and paper industry is significantly stable

Most people I work with love outdoor activities and most paper mills are in smaller communities. If there was a way to increase the work force, I would focus my efforts on recruiting in small communities where the general public is prone to hunting and fishing, rather than big cities. Most of the jobs aren’t in cities.  

“It’s about the people you meet. I can’t tell you how many times I reached out to someone I met at a conference and ended up collaborating with them” – Don Guay, Ph.D.

Dave Carlson    
Dave Carlson  


What would you tell industry colleagues, whether they be box makers, suppliers to our industry or box users that have never participated in Standard activities?

It depends on who you are talking with. Some may not understand the need to have uniform methodologies of measuring characteristics used in our industry. For example, when using raw materials, you want to make sure they’re correct. For suppliers, you can explain that this is what the industry uses, and there are recognized test methods to follow to assure compliance with requirements. You almost have the same message for your senior leadership. They may question the process and ask, “Why are we doing this? Why do we have a lab?” The answer is we need to have well-equipped and staffed labs, in-house, following recognized standard test methods to demonstrate to our customers that we are meeting/exceeding their specifications. The industry’s test methods have evolved over time to allow you to do that. You are now less likely to be taken advantage of by someone trying to “cook the books.” For example, if someone says they are measuring Box Compression or ECT while using Standards, all you need is a lab and access to TAPPI Standards T 804 Compression test of fiberboard shipping containers and T 826 Short span compressive strength of containerboard to proceed.

Does working with Standards give you a sense of fulfillment?

There’s a sense of satisfaction when working on a project and bringing it to fruition. You can look back and say, “I worked with a certain team to accomplish development of a new Standard, or we found a different way of measuring an existing characteristic”. There’s a real sense of accomplishment and pride in working towards a goal. The different people one encounters when working on different committees become an accessible list of people to call when in need of opinions for your company.  

Glenn Rogers  
Glenn Rodgers  


Why do you think Standards are important? How have you used them in your field?

Consistency! I’m the keeper of the specs at Pratt Industries. The consistency across the mills is important. I have used Standards to set production specifications. In fact, those specifications are based on Standard Test Methods. Without them we can’t condition or re-condition certain properties. We have also used Standards to deal with complaints in terms of measurements. Often, a customer will run a test under an air conditioner, which is not a lab environment. So, you can’t really consider those types of results relevant to the test.

What has been your experience serving as Secretary, then, Chair of the Fiberboard Shipping Container Testing Committee (FISCOTEC)?

I assumed the secretary position in FISCOTEC because I was uncomfortable with my understanding of the Standards process. I stepped out of my comfort zone to develop a better understanding and to be more comfortable with it. I eventually grew into the position and became Chair of FISCOTEC.

Chris Czyryca  
Chris Czyryca  


Is there any particular review that has impacted you? Please tell us about your experience.

I’ll share one that shows the folly of youth and why we need new ideas. Sometimes you must accept the fact that your ideas won’t be accepted by the rest of the group. It involves the MIT Folding Endurance Test; I was involved with that very early on. The result of the testing in laboratories can be very erratic because of the nature of the test. It lacks consistency both in the laboratory or in between laboratories. Being a young person with bright ideas and full of new ways of looking at things, I looked at the variation there and decided it would be much better if we reported the results as the law of arrhythmic value of the folding endurance; especially for samples that were above a certain value. However, when you do that it becomes a very nice linear test where you’re able to make the results that come from that testing process look a whole lot more conventional to those technicians. It turns out that no one shared the view that it would be a good idea to move that test for the sole reason of making the statistics. There were certainly things like existing SOPs, existing methods, existing specifications, and government requirements that did not enter my young brain at that point.

This is a situation where I brought a new idea to the table and I was told that it’s probably not the right direction for the industry to proceed. It was a learning experience because it showed the value of looking at things from many different viewpoints and not strictly a technical viewpoint (If you must make the method comprehensible to the actual users). It’s a lesson I carried with me.

TAPPI Methods are wonderful. They are very specific; and they give you a single answer, but we don’t want to overwhelm the audience with technical jargons and requirements that aren’t essential to the method.

Tony Lyons  
Tony Lyons  


Is there any particular review that has impacted you? Please tell us about your experience.

Five or six years ago I worked on a Standard related to the brightness of pigments. I was involved in the pigment industry for most of my career. The measurement of brightness is very important and it’s something that all our customers paid attention to. It was a Standard we paid attention to in terms of quality and control of our products. The Working Group Chair had resigned, and I was asked to fill the void. I found out that it was more than a technical review. Although there were technical corrections to be made, the negotiating process with others showcased how important this Standard was to the industry. There were folks who were just looking at it from a technical standpoint and wanted to replace the TAPPI Standard with an ISO Standard, which would have been a total change for the entire industry in terms of how they looked at pigments and how they measured the brightness of pigments. I found it very impactful learning that there’s more to Standards than the technicalities of Standards.

M. Todd Popson    
Todd Popson  


What would you tell people that have never participated in ISO TC6 activities?

You are part of a team! The US TAG group represents the interests of the United States from a global expert standpoint. I joke with our participants and call them Team USA. The physical representatives at the last TC6 meeting were Jeff Lundeen, Dave Loebker and me. Occasionally, we would start chanting “USA, USA, USA!” and joke about representing the US. It was fun and lighthearted. There is structure in the process, and we are always looking for people with expertise, but also people who want to learn and contribute. You have the opportunity to touch on many areas, since every member has the option to review balloted votes. Recommended votes go through the entire TAG, and everyone has the chance to participate or learn from those ballots. Participation level is guided by what a voter can do or wants to do. We have a group of 37 experts on the team, as opposed to 1-3 people in some other countries’ teams. My goal is to continue to expand because there’s a vast amount of learning opportunities.

Interviews conducted/ written by Souadou Camara
Assisted by Mary Anne Cauthen

Special thanks to Editor in Chief: Janet LoBue

Thank you all for your contribution to TAPPI!

If you would like to share your experience with Standards, TIPs or U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6, please write to and the TAPPI Standards team will be happy to interview you.

SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:


Alkaline Pulping

T 692 om-13      Determination of suspended solids in kraft green and white liquors

                            Draft 2                                Current SSIG Count = 6 


 Chemical Properties

T 223 cm-10       Pentosans in wood and pulp                                   

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 9


T 429 cm-10       Alpha-cellulose in paper                            

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 434 cm-10       Acid-soluble iron in paper                                       

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 6


T 493 cm-10       Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper   

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 5

T 600 om-15       Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and of free formaldehyde in resins 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 9

T 613 cm-10       Analysis of caustic soda                             

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 8


T 618 cm-10       Analysis of limestone                                 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 7


T 621 cm-10       Analysis of rosin                                                        

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 7


T 628 cm-10       Analysis of rosin size                                                 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019        Current SSIG Count = 7

T 632 cm-11       Analysis of sodium silicate                                       

                            Automatic review - 5/2020          Current SSIG Count = 7


Fillers and Pigments
T438 cm-06  Zinc and Cadmium in Paper
                      Draft 2                                              Current SSIG Count = 9


Optical Properties
T 519 om-17  Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing)
                       Automatic review - 4/2021              Current SSIG Count = 8

T 1214 sp-17  Interrelation of reflectance, R0; reflectivity, R ; TAPPI opacity, C0.89; scattering, s;
and absorption, k
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 1219 sp-17  Storage of paper samples for optical measurements and color matching
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 9


Physical Properties
T 516 cm-11  Envelope seal, seam, and window patch testing
                       Automatic review - 5/2020              Current SSIG Count = 8


Pulp Properties
T 226 cm-11  Specific external surface of pulp
                       Automatic review -  5/2020             Current SSIG Count = 9


Sulfite and Semichemical Pulping
 T 604 cm-09  Sulfur dioxide in sulfite cooking liquor
                        Draft 2                                            Current SSIG Count = 5


Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact or visit

U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6

New member: Charles Romano has been added to the US TAG in the areas of ink, coatings and deinkability. He is a research scientist/engineer at Kodak in Rochester, NY.

Todd Popson has been named Convenor of WG 3 (optical properties) for a 3-year term starting Jan. 2022.

ISO TC 6 (pulp, paper and board) is investigating the need for certifications related to sustainability and the circular economy. Mary Kombolias is a US Expert to TG 2 (Identification of Organizations - Environmental issues) which is performing a mapping exercise looking at the various certifications, labels and bodies that already exist. This will be used to evaluate what role TC6 can play in this area as many issues surround recyclability and sustainability. Please contact Mary to participate or comment on this work.

If you would like to know more or join the U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6, please write to

M.Todd Popson
Chair of ISO TC6/ US TAG 

Did You Know

... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone to review, but to vote and comment you must be a member of the SSIG.

Each Standard has its own SSIG – so you have to sign up for each Standard that you have an interest in. Links to all of the SSIGs (by subject category) can be found on the Subject Category for Standards web page. Visit to join now.  

Acronyms You May Need to Know For details on these commonly used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

TIP = Technical Information Paper

Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee

SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group

SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group

WI = Work Item

WG = Working Group

WGC = Working Group Chair

om = Official Method

pm = Provisional Method

sp = Standard Practice

cm = Classical Method

ss = Standard Specification

sg  = Standard Guideline

gl = Standard Glossary

wd = Withdrawn Standard

UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI StandardsTIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page.

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery. For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The TAPPI CD of Standards, TIPs, and UMs has been discontinued for 2021. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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