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27 Standards Approved at

Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG)

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New or Revised Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Check here the list of TAPPI Technical Information Papers (TIPs) recently published:

TIP 0106-06 Kaolin clay pigment index WGC: Prakash B. Malla
TIP 0305-23 Rotary cutting die maintenance WGC: Glenn Rogers
TIP 0404-35 Application of dryer bars WGC: Greg Wedel
TIP 0404-46 Techniques for nip impressions WGC: Gary Nyman
TIP 1103-04 Industry 4.0 Lexicon WGC: Patrick Dixon

Special note: Documents appearing in the TAPPI online version of the Standards and TIPs are updated once a month (usually around the 15th). So it is possible that there is a delay between the publication announcement and the posting online. If you are a subscriber to the online access to Standards and TIPs and you are in a hurry for new documents that have not yet been posted, you can send a request for TIPs to or for Standards to

TAPPI Standards in Ballot

Listed below are TAPPI Standards that have recently gone out for ballot to the corresponding Standard-Specific Interest Group (SSIG). The date in parentheses is the closing date for voting.

T 227 om-17 Freeness of pulp (Canadian standard method) (06/09/2021)
T 278 sp-17 Pulp Screening (Valley-type screening device) (06/10/2021)
T 433 cm-12 Water resistance of sized paper and paperboard (dry indicator method) (6/10/2021)
T 448 om-17 Water vapor transmission rate of paper and paperboard at 23 degrees C and 50% RH (6/10/2021)
T 559 cm-12 Grease resistance test for paper and paperboard (06/14/2021)
T 581 om-17 Dry tensile properties of paper towel and tissue products (using constant rate of elongation apparatus) (06/14/2021)
T 838 cm-12 Edge crush test using neckdown (06/10/2021)
T 423 cm-07 Folding endurance of paper (Schopper type tester) (06/25/2021)
T 431 cm-10 Ink absorbency of blotting paper (06/25/2021)
T 476 om-16 Abrasion loss of paper and paperboard (Taber-type method) (06/25/2021)
T 500 cm-07 Book bulk and bulking number of paper (06/28/2021)
T 534 om-15 Brightness of clay and other mineral pigments (d/0 diffuse) (06/28/2021)
T 538 om-16 Roughness of paper and paperboard (Sheffield method) (06/28/2021)
T 543 om-16 Banding resistance of paper (Gurley-type tester) (06/28/2021)
T 550 om-13 Determination of equilibrium moisture in pulp, paper and paperboard for chemical analysis (06/28/2021)
T 566 om-15 Bending resistance (stiffness) of paper (Taber-type tester in 0 to 10 Taber stiffness unit configuration) (07/01/2021)
T 573 sp-15 Accelerated temperature aging of printing and writing paper by dry oven exposure apparatus (07/01/2021)
T 577 om-13 Score bend test (07/01/2021)
T 412 om-16 Moisture in pulp, paper and paperboard (07/01/2021)
T 444 om-12 Silver tarnishing by paper and paperboard (07/12/2021)
T 460 om-16 Air resistance of paper (Gurley method) (07/12/2021)

The TAPPI Standards regulations require public review of standards that are up for ballot. Send a message to if you want to request a copy of the draft in ballot. If you would like to participate on any SSIGs to review and vote on Standards, please click here or contact

TIPs under review

Listed below are TAPPI TIPs that were recently submitted to the Working Group for review. The date when the Work Item was opened is shown for each TIP, as well as the Subject Category under which the TIP is assigned and the Working Group Chair's (WGC) name. The target completion date for the review of each TIP is one year after the opening of the Work Item. 

0404 - Water Removal

04/20/2021 TIP 0404-39 Dryer surface temperature measurement. WGC: Pekka Kormano
TIP 0404-44 Sheet handling devices. WGC: Mark Harrison
TIP 0404-57 Troubleshooting cross-machine direction moisture profile problems. WGC: Philip Wells

If you would like to participate in the Working Group to review any of these TIPs, please write to

General Announcements

Propose a New Standard or Technical Information Paper (TIP)

Getting started is easy! Do you have just a general idea for a Standard, or are you farther along and have a substantial draft? If you just have a general idea for a Standard or TIP, complete the New Idea Submission form. TAPPI will review your idea and identify an appropriate committee or group to work on your suggestion. If you are further along, send an initial draft to From there, the TAPPI Standards Manager will guide you through the appropriate process to finalize and approve the new document.

STAR of the Month

 A Woman in the Industry That Strives to Make a Difference

 “TIPs are a great way to participate on a small team. They provide a defined period of time to accomplish a shared goal, and you get an opportunity to hear other’s opinions and contribute your own.” – Paula Hajakian 

Meet Paula Hajakian, Technical Manager, Paper and Board, at U.S. Gypsum, Inc., in Chicago, IL.  As an active TAPPI volunteer, including serving as Chair of the Paper and Board Division and as Working Group Chair for Technical Information Papers (TIPs), her love for the industry resonates when she speaks.

Paula has been a TAPPI Member since 1990 and a TAPPI Fellow since 2019. As Chair of the Paper and Board Division, she also served as the Technical Program Committee Chair for the papermaking track at PaperCon. Being an active member of TAPPI’s Women in Industry (WIN) Division, Paula mentored a few young women coming into the industry, which is a role she always cherished.

What sparked your interest in Technical Information Papers (TIPs)?  

 Early in my career as an engineer, long before I ever participated in TIPs reviews, I referred to TIPs when in-depth knowledge was required to trouble-shoot papermaking processes or install new equipment. The role I initially took in the Water Removal Committee Tracking Forming and Pressing TIPs was daunting based on the number of TIPs and technical content supported by that subcommittee.  It is a significant and important role to participate in the review of TIPs and the creation of new ones to support and sustain our industry.

Click below for full interview↓

SSIG Members Needed

The Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs) for the following Standards are in need of additional members. These groups may or may not have ballots currently open.

All Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIG) require a minimum of 10 members in order to ballot and vote on a draft of a method. The following test methods do not have the required minimum number of members to initiate a ballot:


Alkaline Pulping

T 692 om-13      Determination of suspended solids in kraft green and white liquors

                            Draft 2                                Current SSIG Count = 8 

T 684 om-15      Gross heating value of black liquor

                            Draft 2                                Current SSIG Count = Need 2+

 Chemical Properties

T 223 cm-10       Pentosans in wood and pulp                                   

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 5

T 244 cm-11       Acid-insoluble ash in wood, pulp, paper, and paperboard             

                            Automatic review - 9/2020             Current SSIG Count = 5

T 252 om-16      pH and electrical conductivity of hot water extracts of pulp, paper, and paperboard

                            Automatic review - 10/2020           Current SSIG Count = 8

T408 cm-07        Rosin in paper and paperboard

                            Draft 4                                            Current SSIG Count = Need 3 more

T 413 om-17      Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard:  combustion at 900 degrees C

                            Automatic review - 4/2021             Current SSIG Count = 9

T 429 cm-10       Alpha-cellulose in paper                            

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 4

T 434 cm-10       Acid-soluble iron in paper                                       

                            Automatic review - 10/2019           Current SSIG Count = 3

T 435 om-16      Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (hot extraction method)       

                            Automatic review - 5/2020             Current SSIG Count = 5

T 449 om-14      Bacteriological examination of paper and paperboard

                           Draft 2                                           Current SSIG Count = Need 2+

T 493 cm-10       Identification and determination of melamine resin in paper   

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 3

T 509 om-15      Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method)       

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 7

T 600 om-15       Analysis of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions and of free formaldehyde in resins 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 6

T 610 sp-15        Preparation of indicators and standard solutions             

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 6

T 613 cm-10       Analysis of caustic soda                             

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 4

T 617 cm-10       Analysis of lime                                           

                            Automatic review - 5/2019           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 618 cm-10       Analysis of limestone                                 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 4

T 619 cm-10       Analysis of salt cake                                                  

                            Automatic review - 5/2019           Current SSIG Count = 7

T 621 cm-10       Analysis of rosin                                                        

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 4

T 622 cm-10       Analysis of sodium hydrosulfite               

                            Automatic review - 10/2019         Current SSIG Count = 6

T 624 cm-11       Analysis of soda and sulfate white and green liquors                    

                            Automatic review - 9/2020          Current SSIG Count = 6

T 628 cm-10       Analysis of rosin size                                                 

                            Automatic review - 10/2019        Current SSIG Count = 4

T 632 cm-11       Analysis of sodium silicate                                       

                            Automatic review - 5/2020          Current SSIG Count = 4


Fiberboard Shipping Container Testing

T 827 om-17      Box blank dimensioning

                           Automatic review - 4/2021           Current SSIG Count = 9

T 829 om-15      Score Quality Test

                           Draft 2                                          Current SSIG Count = 9


Fillers and Pigments
T438 cm-06  Zinc and Cadmium in Paper
                      Draft 2                                              Current SSIG Count = 9


Optical Properties
T 519 om-17  Diffuse opacity of paper (d/0 paper backing)
                       Automatic review - 4/2021              Current SSIG Count = 9

T 1214 sp-17  Interrelation of reflectance, R0; reflectivity, R ; TAPPI opacity, C0.89; scattering, s; and absorption, k
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 8

T 1219 sp-17  Storage of paper samples for optical measurements and color matching
                        Automatic review - 10/2021           Current SSIG Count = 9


Physical Properties
T 516 cm-11  Envelope seal, seam, and window patch testing
                       Automatic review - 5/2020              Current SSIG Count = 8

T 550 om-13  Determination of equilibrium moisture in pulp, paper and paperboard for chemical analysis

                       Ballot 2 needed                              Current SSIG Count = Need 2 more

T 578 sp-16  Accelerated light aging of printing and writing paper by xenon-arc exposure apparatus
                      Automatic review - 10/2020             Current SSIG Count = 9


Pulp Properties
T 226 cm-11  Specific external surface of pulp
                       Automatic review -  5/2020             Current SSIG Count = 6

T 263 sp-16  Identification of wood and fibers from conifers
                      Automatic review - 5/2020               Current SSIG Count = 7

T 264 cm-07  Preparation of wood for chemical analysis

                       Draft 2                                            Current SSIG Count = 8


Sulfite and Semichemical Pulping
 T 604 cm-09  Sulfur dioxide in sulfite cooking liquor
                        Draft 2                                            Current SSIG Count = 6


Building and Industrial Material
The below Standards are also in need of additional participants prior to opening up Ballot 2 this year.      
T 1006 sp-15   Testing of fiber glass mats: use of modified TAPPI procedures for sampling and lot acceptance, stiffness, tear resistance, and thickness
T 1007 sp-15   Sample location for fiber glass mat sheets
T 1008 sp-15   Test conditions for fiberglass mat test methods
T 1009 om-16  Tensile strength and elongation at break for fiber glass mats
T 1011 om-15  Basis weight of fiber glass mats
T 1012 om-15  Moisture content of fiber glass mats
T 1013 om-15  Loss on ignition of fiber glass mats
T 1014 om-15  Moisture sensitivity of fiber glass mats
T 1015 sp-15   Fiber glass mat uniformity (visual defects)
T 1016 om-15  Average fiber diameter of fiber glass mats

Participating in a SSIG is free and open to anyone interested. Join now!

If no progress is made on balancing these SSIGs, then the respective methods may be considered for withdrawal at the next Q&SMC meeting. If you have an interest in becoming a member of either of these SSIGs please contact or visit

Announcement of SARG Meeting

The Standards Advisory Review Group (SARG) meeting occurred for Tuesday, May 18, 2021, 1:00 – 2:00 pm (Eastern time). This meeting was virtual only - via Zoom. SARG approval is the last step prior to publication for any new, reaffirmed or revised standards.

The list below shows the 27 revised and reaffirmed Standards and the 1 withdrawn Standard that were submitted to SARG and approved at its Spring 2021 meeting:
(* = indicates Standards eligible for submission as American National Standards)

T 245 Silicates and silica in pulp (wet ash method) (Reaffirmed)

T 255 Water-soluble sulfates in pulp and paper (Reaffirmed)

T 256 Water-soluble chlorides in pulp and paper (Reaffirmed)

*T 257 Sampling and preparing wood for analysis (Reaffirmed)

*T 258 Basic density and moisture content of pulpwood (Reaffirmed)

*T 272 Forming handsheets for reflectance testing of pulp (sheet machine procedure) (Revision)

*T 402 Standard conditioning and testing atmospheres for paper, board, pulp handsheets, and related products (Revision)

*T 414 Internal tearing resistance of paper (Elmendorf-type method) (Revision)

T 432 Water absorbency of bibulous papers (Reaffirmed)

*T 437 Dirt in paper and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

*T 454 Turpentine test for voids in glassine and greaseproof papers (Reaffirmed)

T 479 Smoothness of paper (Bekk method) (Reaffirmed)

T 502 Equilibrium relative humidity of paper and paperboard (Reaffirmed)

*T 512 Creasing of flexible packaging material paper specimens for testing (Reaffirmed)

*T 529 Surface pH measurement of paper (Reaffirmed)

*T 537 Dirt count in paper and paperboard (optical character recognition - OCR) (Reaffirmed)

*T 556 Bending resistance of paper and paperboard by single-point bending methods (Reaffirmed)

*T 560 CIE whiteness and tint of paper and paperboard (d/0 geometry, C/2 illuminant/observer) (Revision)

*T 562 CIE whiteness and tint of paper and paperboard (45/0 geometry, C/2 illuminant/observer) (Revision)

*T 563 Equivalent black area (EBA) and count of visible dirt in pulp, paper and paperboard by image analysis (Reaffirmed)

T 602 Analysis of sulfuric acid (Reaffirmed)

T 611 Analysis of bleaching powder, calcium hypochlorite bleach liquor and bleach sludge (Reaffirmed)

*T 657 Sampling of fillers and pigments (Revision)

T 699 Analysis of pulping liquors by suppressed ion chromatography (Withdrawn)

*T 826 Short span compressive strength of containerboard (Revision)

*T 829 Score quality test (Revision)

*T 831 Water absorption of corrugating medium: water drop penetration test (Revision)

*T 1215 The determination of instrumental color differences (Revision)

A copy of the final draft for all these Standards can be found on the SARG page.  

U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6


The U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6 met on May 11, 2021 to discuss issues, especially those leading up to the ISO TC6 Plenary meetings. Two new members have been added since the last TAG meeting:

  • Mary Kombolias (NIST)
  • Kyle Kruger (Collaborative Testing Services)

ISO TC6/SC2 Plenary Meetings May 25 & 26

  • 85 published standards
  • 12 standards under development
  • 25 participating countries

ISO TC6 Plenary Meetings June 1 & 2

  • 195 published standards
  • 26 standards under development
  • 29 participating countries

We currently have around 30 experts on the U.S. TAG/ ISO TC 6, but we are always seeking additional knowledge and assistance. Areas of particular need are: paper ageing, boxes, combined board, cores, environmental, and fiber. f you would like to know more or join the U.S. TAG/ ISO TC 6, please write to

M. Todd Popson
Chair of  U.S. TAG to ISO TC 6

Did You Know

... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone... that to participate in the balloting process for TAPPI Standards you must sign up for the Standard-Specific Interest Groups (SSIGs)? Drafts are available for anyone to review, but to vote and comment you must be a member of the SSIG.

Each Standard has its own SSIG – so you have to sign up for each Standard that you have an interest in. Links to all of the SSIGs (by subject category) can be found on the Subject Category for Standards web page. Visit to join now.  

Acronyms You May Need to Know For details on these commonly used acronyms in the development of TAPPI Standards and TIPs, please see the Standards Guidelines and the TIP Guidelines, or send your questions to

Acronyms You May Need to Know

TIP = Technical Information Paper

Q&SMC = Quality and Standards Management Committee

SSIG = Standard-Specific Interest Group

SARG = Standards Advisory Review Group

WI = Work Item

WG = Working Group

WGC = Working Group Chair

om = Official Method

pm = Provisional Method

sp = Standard Practice

cm = Classical Method

ss = Standard Specification

sg  = Standard Guideline

gl = Standard Glossary

wd = Withdrawn Standard

UM = Useful Method

Searching and Ordering TAPPI Standards, TIPs, and Useful Methods

Details on how to search and order TAPPI StandardsTIPs, and Useful Methods can be found on the TAPPI website’s Search and Order page.

All individual TIPs or Standards are available for electronic or paper delivery. For electronic delivery, the documents are e-mailed in PDF format.  Hard copy documents can be mailed or faxed, but shipping and handling costs will apply.

For Individual TIPs, order Item Number: 0108____ (Insert TIP number)

For Individual Standards, order Item Number: 0104T____ (Insert Standard number)

For individual Useful Methods, order item number: 0104UM_____ (Insert UM number)

List price: $49; TAPPI member price: $32. There are no shipping or handling charges for electronic documents.

The TAPPI CD of Standards, TIPs, and UMs has been discontinued for 2021. An Individual or Company License for access to the continually updated collection of Standards, TIPs, and UMs via the web is the best way to always have a current set of documents accessible. A print-on-demand version of either the Standards, TIPs, or UMs, current and updated as of the date printed, is also available.

For information and quotes on company licenses, contact TAPPI Press ( or +1-770-209-7277. For regular orders (including individual online licenses), contact Member Connection at 1-800-332-8686 (US), 1-800-446-9431 (Canada), or +1-770-446-1400 (international), or order on line at


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