www.agc.org • August 2018  

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MSA - The Safety Company
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McGriff, Seibels & Williams
Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP)
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Foremen and lead workers who have the skills to be effective jobsite safety leaders are the linchpins to creating a strong jobsite safety climate — a key indicator of injury outcomes. Unfortunately, there is a shortage of needed safety leadership training. To help address this gap, CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training with funding from NIOSH, developed The Foundations for Safety Leadership (FSL); a two-and-a-half hour safety leadership training module designed to teach foremen and lead workers five critical safety leadership skills and how to put them into practice.

Two key drivers led CPWR to recognize the need for such training. The first was discovered at a 2013 CPWR-NIOSH workshop where 70 construction stakeholders worked together and decided on eight key leading indicators of a strong jobsite safety climate, one being site supervisor safety leadership. The second came from a 2012 McGraw Hill — CPWR survey showing that many construction companies, regardless of size, require their new foremen to take the OSHA 30-hour to learn leadership skills. However, the OSHA 30-hour course didn’t have a leadership training module until the FSL became an official elective on January 1, 2017. Since then, over 10,000 workers have participated in the FSL and it has demonstrated it can meet the industry’s needs and desires.

The FSL is the result of a rigorous 18-month development process. Beginning in September 2014, researchers from CPWR and two Colorado universities worked closely with a 17-member curriculum development team that included OSHA 10- and 30-hour outreach trainers, construction workers, safety and health professionals from small and large companies, representatives of building trade unions and construction trade associations, consultants and OSHA staff to make sure the final leadership module would meet the needs of foremen as well as those who would conduct the training. The final module contains foundational material plus seven real-world animated scenarios designed to teach these 5 critical safety leadership skills:
The likely benefits of your foremen and lead workers participating in the FSL training include:
  • Strong safety climate
  • Reduced hazards and injuries
  • Increased morale and sense of teamwork
  • Increased productivity due to improved job site communication
Here are some typical comments from contractors’ whose foremen participated in the FSL training:

"I would have to say just the participation in the class lets the foremen know that the owners and upper management are on-board with safety, by actually giving them the time to do what they have to do to perform the job safely."

"I think they're more aware when they do their morning huddle.... I also see them take a little more time when they're talking about the work that they also cover the safety implications of that work. [They] try to get more input from the employees on their crew instead of just giving instructions."

"It’s a rare occurrence that construction leaders thank us for training, but that’s what we received from our supervisors after the FSL training. What’s even better is that they have been able to improve their communication and engagement with their team."

Trained foremen have also had a lot of positive feedback about skills they learned, particularly 3-way communication and engaging crew members:

"I never took it as seriously as I do now ... You know, having the people explain back to you what you told them. I mean, that really really has helped a lot. Instead of just giving somebody some information, sending them off blindly to do the job, and then you know, getting mad ‘cause they didn’t do it right. That way you know, they can explain to you back exactly what you said to them and if they didn’t get it the first time, you know, you can talk about it, have an opportunity to get it right."

"It also makes them feel like they’re, part of the, you know, the planning. So for the specific task, I think that it is a great tool. Something I’ve done a little bit of but really really try to do a lot more of ‘cause of the training."

If you want to incorporate the FSL into your ongoing training, you can download all of the teaching and supporting materials at no cost at https://www.cpwr.com/foundations-safety-leadership-fsl. If you send your foremen to the OSHA 30-hour course, encourage them to ask the trainer to teach the FSL as one of the electives.

For more additional information about the FSL, you can contact the FSL project lead: Dr. Linda M. Goldenhar, director of research and evaluation at CPWR — The Center for Construction Research and Evaluation, at lgoldenhar@cpwr.com.
Review the CSEA Safety Management Best Practices
The AGC-Willis Towers Watson Construction Safety Excellence Awards (CSEA) recognizes those construction companies who excel at safety performance. The CSEA closely examines each candidate's commitment to safety and occupational health management and risk control. Unlike other safety award programs that limit the criteria to frequency rates, the CSEA selection process is considerably more comprehensive. Each application is reviewed for evidence of company management commitment, active employee participation, safety training, work site hazard identification and control, and safety program innovation. Over the past five years, the finalist judges have produced the CSEA Safety Management Best Practices to share the highlights noted during the competition with the construction industry and any organization that places a high value on safety leadership. Please take the time to read through the Best Practices, which has many takeaways for contractors looking to strengthen their safety program and feel free to share it with others.
AGC of America, supported by Susan Harwood Federal Training Grant, developed the Fall Prevention Safety Training Program.

Construction workers make up approximately 4 percent of the country’s workforce but account for an average of 19 percent of all job-related fatalities each year. Consistently, over the past five years approximately 35-39 percent of those fatalities are from falls. Falls account for the greatest number of fatalities in the construction industry, especially among small businesses and businesses with Hispanic workers. In addition, fall protection violations continue to be among the most-cited standards in the construction industry. AGC of America is pleased to offer this one-day training program based on OSHA standards and best practices to answer the need for quality training within the industry. Classes are offered at various locations and dates throughout the year.

August Class
August 6 & 7, 2018
8 a.m. - 5 p.m.
AGC San Diego Chapter
6212 Ferris Square, San Diego, CA 92121
Contact Information: Becca Schaffer -- agcsdeducation@agcsd.org | (858) 558-7444 ext. 101
Registration: Complete registration form and return to Becca via email.

September Classes
September 19-20, 2018
8 a.m. - 5 p.m.
TEXO Association
Courses will be conducted in Spanish
Training Location: TEXO Dallas Conference Center -- 11101 Stemmons Freeway, Dallas, TX 75229
Contact Information: Lois Hamilton -- lois@texoassociation.org (link sends e-mail) | (972) 647-0697 
Registration: Complete registration form and return to Lois via email.

September 27, 2018
8 a.m. - 5 p.m.
AGC of Colorado - Building Chapter
Training Location: AGC of Colorado - Building Chapter, 1114 W. 7th Avenue, Ste. 200, Denver, CO 80204
Contact Information: Bradley Gassman -- bradley@agccolorado.org | (303) 388-2422
Registration: Complete registration form and return to Bradley via email.

September 28, 2018
8 a.m. - 5  p.m.
Colorado Contractors Association
Training Location: Colorado Contractors Association, 6880 S Yosemite Ct., Ste. 200, Centennial, CO 80112
Contact Information: Jim Moody -- jmoody@ccainfo.org | (303) 290-6611
Registration: Complete registration form and return to Jim via email.
Arlington, Virginia
14 Seats Left!
This unique three–day course provides construction safety and health professionals with the next–level knowledge required to successfully manage a company–wide safety program. Moving beyond the basics of Focus Four training, AGC’s Advanced Safety Management Training Program will give participants a more holistic view of safety’s role in project and company success, as well as advanced tactics and best practices for managing all aspects of a corporate safety program. Participants will also focus on the importance of "selling" safety throughout the organization and methods to generate buy–in from different audiences.
Hub International
Best Practices

Safety matters on the jobsite. Workers face any number of dangers during the typical construction project. A contractor’s No. 1 priority is always keeping everyone safe while they are on site.

According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 21.1 percent of private sector work-related deaths occurred in the construction industry in 2016 — that’s one in five worker deaths. The most common causes are falls, being struck by objects, electrocution and being trapped or crushed by equipment.

The first step toward protecting workers is the consistent management of jobsite conditions and safety procedures through the use of ongoing construction safety checklists and safety reports.

A construction safety checklist is a list of questions that construction supervisors or superintendents answer daily to assess jobsite safety. Checklists for construction environments typically contain a few standard questions, but they can be customized to fit the needs of any type of contractor. For electricians, checklists could be used to ask if there were any leaky batteries or exposed wires reported that day. For roofing contractors, the checklist could ask whether fall protection equipment was in use or had been properly inspected.

Here are some examples of questions that can be included in a daily safety checklist.
  • Are there any injuries to report?
  • Did any accidents occur on-site?
  • Did anyone return to work from an injury?
  • Did you complete an Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA) form?
  • Did you notice any hard hat or safety protection infractions?
  • Did you perform safety orientation for new subcontractors today?
  • Were there any safety complaints?
  • Were there any unusual events onsite?
Safety checklists are great tools but only if used consistently. The necessary daily reporting can easily fall by the wayside under the relentless pressure of deadlines faced by construction supervisors and superintendents.

Unreliable human memory means imperfect recordkeeping. Traditional reporting methods can take hours each week as managers struggle to transcribe facts from separate spreadsheets or notebooks into an understandable narrative.

Easy-to-use cloud-based construction reporting technology can provide a valuable tool to help by relieving managers of the time constraints of old-fashioned pen-and-paper recordkeeping. Designed to run on common mobile devices and smartphones, cloud-based construction monitoring software can allow quick and easy filing of daily reports and keep project managers informed about progress in real-time.

A construction reporting app with a daily survey feature can allow the quick creation of a safety checklist that allows the pertinent data to be entered from the field. The data can be collected and used to automatically generate overall construction safety reports.

In addition, cloud-based construction monitoring apps can be used to track subcontractor compliance. The apps can allow subs to seamlessly send reports to construction supervisors. The summary can provide evidence if subs are dealing with safety issues. Each subcontractor’s report information can be easily sorted and filtered.

A safety report produced by construction monitoring software allows project managers to see project trends and get a high-level view of safety issues. Graphs and visuals can provide snapshots of everything project managers need to know, while providing the necessary information to make improvements to workflow and processes on the jobsite. This allows contractors to ensure dangers are identified, sites are safe and injuries are reported.

Safety checklists and reports can help litigation-proof construction projects. Once recorded in a cloud-based centralized database, data can be easily retrieved. Project managers can almost instantly locate whatever information they need. The best protection against litigation is thorough documentation of safety issues, jobsite conditions, weather conditions, injuries, inspections, compliance reports and other data.

For instance, in one scenario, someone files litigation against a contractor alleging they were injured because safety equipment was faulty. Being able to quickly produce documentation that the equipment was in good working order and had been properly inspected, or that the user had not followed safety protocols, can help discredit the allegations.

According to OSHA, overall worker deaths in the United States have fallen dramatically from historical levels — from about 38 worker deaths per day in 1970 to 14 per day in 2016; however, the sad truth is that the construction industry continues to lead the private sector in total worker deaths and injuries. Construction workers are injured at a rate 77 percent higher than the national average for other occupations. By consistently using management tools such as construction safety checklists and safety reports, the construction industry can begin to turn the tide, making jobsites safer for workers.

Dr. Sergey Sundukovskiy is co-founder and chief technology and product officer for Raken, based in San Diego. Raken has revolutionized daily reporting in the construction industry. Raken provides innovative mobile technology that automatically creates professional company branded daily reports from inputs made in the field by superintendents and foremen.

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