1859: University of New Brunswick is incorporated.
1900: Ottawa becomes the first Canadian city to receive telephone service with a common battery system; no batteries needed in home telephones.
1919: British forces kill hundreds of Indian nationalists in the Amritsar Massacre.
1933: The first flight over Mount Everest is completed by Lord Clydesdale.
1945: Vienna falls to Soviet troops.
1960: The first navigational satellite is launched into Earth's orbit.
1961: The U.N. General Assembly condemns South Africa because of apartheid.
1964: Sidney Poitier becomes the first black individual to win an Oscar for best actor.
1970: An oxygen tank explodes on Apollo 13, preventing a planned moon landing and jeopardizing the lives of the three-man crew.
1979: The world's longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours.
1993: British Columbia government allows limited logging of half of Clayoquot Sound; last major old-growth rainforest on Vancouver Island.
2003: Mike Weir of Bright's Grove, Ont., wins the Masters Tournament; first Canadian to win a men's golf major.