1606: The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery depart England carrying settlers who founded Virginia, the first of the 13 colonies that became the United States.
1813: Col John Murray leads the pre-dawn capture of Fort Niagara from the Americans.
1813: James McGill dies. His legacy of land and £10,000 leads to the founding of McGill University.
1846: Toronto and Hamilton mayors send greetings to open Canada's first telegraph service.
1904: Dawson City hockey team starts a nine-day walk to get a boat to Seattle, to catch a train to Ottawa to play in the Stanley Cup.
1917: The NHL starts its inaugural season with games in Toronto and Montréal.
1918: Robert Ripley starts his, Believe It or Not column in The New York Globe.
1972: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, returns to Earth.
1984: Scotty Bowman becomes NHL's all-time winningest coach.
1984: Wayne Gretzky scores his career 1,000th point on an assist in a 7-3 win over the Los Angeles Kings at age 23.
1998: President Bill Clinton is impeached by the United States House of Representatives, becoming the second president to be impeached.
2012: Chris Hadfield blasts off to serve as first Canadian commander of the International Space Station.