On this day in history
1869: Louis Riel invites settlers and Métis to meet at Fort Garry to form a provisional government; most reject his proposals.
1885: Louis Riel is hanged in the North West Mounted Police barracks in Regina.
1945: Eighty-eight German scientists, holding Nazi secrets, arrive in the United States.
1955: The Big Four talks, taking place in Geneva on German reunification, end in failure.
1963: Cascades Inc. starts producing recycled paper; a first in Québec.
1982: The space shuttle Columbia completes its first operational flight.
1989: Supreme Court of Canada rules that the fetus has no right to life under common law, the Québec Civil Code or the Québec Charter; following injunctions brought under Barbara Dodd and Chantal Daigle cases.
1992: Eric Lawes, while using a metal detector to search for a friend's lost hammer near Hoxne, Suffolk, England, discovers the Hoxne Hoard, the largest hoard of Roman silver and gold ever found in Britain, and the largest collection of 4th and 5th century coins found anywhere within the bounds of the former Roman Empire
1997: Pro-democracy Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng released from prison after 18 years, for health reasons.