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On this day in history

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1862: President Abraham Lincoln gives the State of the Union address to the 37th Congress.
1881: Virgil, Wyatt and Morgan Earp are exonerated in court for their action in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Ariz.
1918: An American army of occupation enters Germany.
1933: Nazi storm troops become an official organ of the Reich.
1934: Josef Stalin's aide, Sergei Kirov, is assassinated in Leningrad.
1941: Japan's Tojo rejects U.S. proposals for a Pacific settlement as fantastic and unrealistic.
1942: National gasoline rationing goes into effect in the United States.
1955: Rosa Parks refuses to sit in the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus, defying the South's segregationist laws.
1969: America's first draft lottery since 1942 is held.
1971: Indian Army recaptures part of Kashmir, which had been occupied by Pakistan.
1981: AIDS virus officially recognized.
1986: Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North pleads the 5th Amendment before a Senate panel investigating the Iran-Contra arms sale.
1988: Benazir Bhutto, politician, becomes the first woman to serve as Prime Minister of Pakistan and the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state
1989: East Germany's parliament changes its constitution, abolishing a section that gave the Communist Party the leading role in the state.
1990: Channel Tunnel sections from France and the UK meet beneath the English Channel.
1991: Ukraine's voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the USSR.
2001: Trans World Airlines' final flight following the carrier's purchase by American Airlines; TWA began operating 76 years earlier.


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