On this day in history
1541: Jean-François de Roberval given seigneurial ownership of Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador.
1663: Jean-Baptiste Legardeur de Repentigny elected first mayor of Quebec City.
1671: First auctioning of furs from Hudson Bay at Garroway's Coffee House in the City of London. Leads to founding of the Hudson's Bay Company.
1860: First Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open).
1875: Icelanders set out in scows down the Red River from the wharf at Notre Dame Avenue East toward Gimli, Manitoba.
1878: John A. Macdonald sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada for the second time replacing Alexander Mackenzie.
1910: The Royal Canadian Navy becomes a reality when HMCS Niobe, bought from the British Admiralty for £215,000, docks at Halifax.
1931: Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion.
1956: The first commercial nuclear power station is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield, in Cumbria, England.
1969: Pierre Trudeau introduces the Official Languages Act in Parliament. The legislation requires all federal departments, commissions and agencies to offer both English and French languages.
1970: Front de libération du Québec Chénier cell members Paul Rose and Francis Simard murder Québec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte.