CIA (e)Bulletin/(e)Bulletin de l'ICA

Canadian Institute of Actuaries/Institut canadien des actuaires

September 2016
Elliott Bauer
D.W. Simpson & Company
Eckler Ltd.
President's Update


By Dave Dickson, FCIA
CIA President

The CIA Board sets priorities and makes strategic decisions. These decisions are implemented by Head Office staff and volunteers. One of the roles of the CIA’s President is to work with our Executive Director, Head Office staff, councils, and committees to implement the Board’s decisions. So if the President has goals, he or she works with the Board to set priorities for them and then staff and volunteers to implement, if they have been approved by the Board.

My top three goals are all foundational, in that once implemented, it will become easier for us to achieve other goals so that we can become a better organization and accomplish more.

#1: Restructuring

We are looking at the CIA’s governance from the Board level all the way down to our councils and committees. We have hired a consultant to work with us to identify potential changes and then implement those the Board approves. The CIA works well today but I think there are opportunities for us to improve our governance so that we become even better. The Board’s Governance Committee will present the results of its work with the consultant at the Board’s September meeting; the Board plans to make implementation decisions at the December meeting.

Restructuring should result in a more efficient CIA and also one where volunteer roles will be more interesting.

#2: Engagement and Communications

One of my roles is to spend time with members at meetings, actuarial club visits, employer visits, etc. I have come away with the feeling that many of our members are not engaged with the CIA and also that our communications with members can be improved. We have started work measuring member engagement and thinking about our communications. The Board will receive a report at its September meeting and will then decide next steps. I want members to feel more engagement with the CIA.

#3: Volunteers

We have an army of about 500 volunteers who do great things for the CIA. But I feel we can manage our volunteers better and also create more opportunities for members to volunteer. In my travels, many newer members have indicated that they would like to volunteer with the CIA early in their careers. We need to reach out and create opportunities for all of our members, but especially our newer ones. We have created a new Volunteer Management and Development Committee that has developed a list of recommendations that the Board has seen and approved. The Board will receive an update on implementation at its September meeting. I would like to see more and better opportunities for members to volunteer and for us to do a better job helping members manage their volunteer careers.

Why the CIA is Important

The CIA is the national organization for Canadian actuaries and associates. It exists to serve the public and our members. We provide many valuable services for the public; discussing them all would be a separate article.

For our members I feel we provide a lot of benefits including the following:

  • Membership in a professional organization. Employers recognize this and I think it makes us more valuable to them through our professional standards, rules of professional conduct, continuing professional develpment, discipline process, etc.
  • Volunteer opportunities.
  • Research such as Canadian experience studies and the work of many of our committees such as the task force studying mortality improvement.
  • Continuing professional development opportunities.
  • Networking through meetings, committees, and other events.
  • International engagement. Through the International Actuarial Association we are involved with important issues such as setting international standards, international education requirements, etc. We also work closely with U.S. and other actuarial organizations in various fields such as research and education. These relationships bring value to the CIA and its members.

Personally, I have been a volunteer with the CIA for a number of years starting out on a committee and working my way up to your President. I have enjoyed this relationship tremendously. I have made many friends through the CIA, been challenged with the volunteer work that I have done, and it’s also been a great networking opportunity. As a pricing actuary one time, I was having trouble sorting out a technical issue with a product being developed; a quick call to someone I met through the CIA solved my issue.

September Board Meeting

Normally the Board meets four times a year, all one day meetings. In September we have expanded our meeting to one and a half days because of the large number of issues we need to discuss. In addition to the items mentioned above, we will also review our strategic plan. I feel it’s important that members pay attention to the CIA’s strategy and other important initiatives and follow their progress. The implementation of these important goals will change the CIA and make it a more effective organization. I am very much looking forward to our September Board meeting, and plan to provide a video update shortly afterwards.

Dave Dickson, FCIA, is President of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries.

In Focus


By Rémi Villeneuve, FCIA

You may have seen an announcement in August about the changes that are currently taking place within the CIA education system to meet the changing needs of the profession in Canada.

The Practice Education Course is Changing for 2018

Since 2000, the PEC has helped candidates for the FCIA designation prepare for the responsibility of being a fully qualified actuary in Canada. Informally dubbed PEC 2.0, the new course will retain the current model of providing valuable practice-oriented workshops and discussions. This format encourages candidates to think beyond generating examination answers to the practical application of their technical knowledge to the real world.

New for 2018, PEC 2.0 will also feature communications, business acumen, and Fellowship professionalism content, which is critical to employers, and which remain a challenge for them in sourcing great candidates for their workplaces. The International Actuarial Association has also recently released an updated education syllabus which places strong emphasis on learning in these non-technical areas.

The course, which will remain approximately 2.5 days, will likely continue to be held in late spring/early summer. As with the current course, PEC 2.0 will be the capstone education requirement for Fellowship in the CIA. No changes are anticipated to the professional experience requirement which is 36 months of professional actuarial experience including 12 months of Canadian-specific actuarial work. Further details and specific course curriculum will be announced following final approval by the CIA Board.

Help Communicate the Changes to Candidates in your Workplace

Due to the anticipated nature of the course, candidates planning to attend PEC in 2018 and beyond will be required to have successfully completed the Canadian versions of Society of Actuaries (SOA) examinations (where such Canadian versions exist), in order to be eligible to attend. Otherwise, a candidate pursuing the FCIA designation may need to rewrite the Canadian-specific version of an exam that they already completed in order to qualify to attend PEC 2.0.

Candidates who have taken a U.S. version of an examination should plan to attend PEC in 2017, provided that they meet the criteria, to avoid having to rewrite any examinations.

Please help us spread the word by ensuring that candidates in your workplace are aware of the new requirements when registering for SOA examinations going forward.

We will release more details about PEC 2018 following final approval by the Board in the fall. There are no changes to the 2017 PEC or to the eligibility requirements to attend it. Direct questions to the CIA Head Office: Alicia Rollo, director, membership, education, and professional development at

Rémi Villeneuve, FCIA, is Chair of the Eligibility and Education Council.

Actuaries on the Move

Career Changes

Nathalie Bachand has been appointed president of Question Retraite.

Marie-Josée Martin has been named president and CEO of Blue Cross Life Insurance Company of Canada.

Teresa Palandra has been appointed as partner and leader of Mercer Canada’s retirement business in Western Canada and the Toronto Consulting office.

British Columbia Investment Management Corporation (bcIMC) welcomes Ramy Rayes as director of asset collection.

Actuaries in the Media

Serge Charbonneau and Fred Vettese are mentioned in a Benefits Canada article on life expectancy and old age security recipients.

An article on changes to old age security and the guaranteed income supplement quotes Jean-Claude Ménard.

Joe Nunes is quoted in an article on the sustainability of Old Age Security. 

La Presse quotes Michel St-Germain in this article on pension reform.

Ofelia Isabel at Willis Towers Watson and Jill Wagman and Jean-Philippe Provost from Eckler are quoted in a Benefits Canada article about competitive employee benefits packages.

Networking is a key part of any successful professional's career, and the CIA is offering you a fresh opportunity to inform your peers about your achievements and progress.

Our (e)Bulletin section, Actuaries on the Move, is a chance for you to publicize your new job, title, credentials, or other information. This is an opportunity to tell thousands of fellow actuarial professionals—whether they are ex-colleagues, former college friends, potential employers, future clients, etc.—about, for example:

  • Your new job;
  • A change of title or area of responsibility;
  • Your new qualifications;
  • A change of contact details;
  • Awards or other recognition; or
  • Publication of academic papers or articles.

Simply send an e-mail—one line of information can be enough, but feel free to add more if you so wish—to the CIA's English Editor at and we will aim to include it in the next issue of the (e)Bulletin.

For more news of CIA members and their activities, follow the CIA on Twitter.

Insight Decision Solutions
RGA Canada
Institute News


By Craig A. Allen, FCIA

The last Wednesday in August is just behind us, which means it’s time for the CIA to assist Ontario’s Ministry of the Attorney General in setting the next year’s discount rate for future pecuniary damages.

Pecuniary damages are losses that can be quantified in monetary terms, such as the loss of future employment earnings or the cost of future care, in the event of a personal injury. Such losses are usually calculated by taking the present value of a stream of cash flows. Ontario is one of eight provinces in Canada that mandates the discount rate to be used in performing this present value calculation. Only Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador do not mandate such rates.

Mandated Discount Rates and the Actuarial Profession

The work of Canada’s actuarial profession is directly affected by the magnitude of these mandated discount rates. Where legal proceedings are undertaken to recover pecuniary damages, actuarial evidence practitioners use the mandated discount rates in their calculations of the present value of economic loss. These calculations assist the parties in litigation to arrive at settlement agreements and to assist the courts in determining awards in those matters that go to trial.

Through their impact on settlements and judgments in litigation, the mandated discount rates also have an effect on the severity of liability claims incurred by property and casualty insurance companies. Thus, the rates have an impact on the claims costs underlying the pricing and reserving work done by property and casualty actuaries.

Two Different Discount Rates

In Ontario, the mandated discount rates blend responsiveness to current economic conditions with stability. This is achieved through the use of two different discount rates. The first rate is a responsive rate that is calculated every year, and applies to cash flows in the 15-year period from the beginning of trial. The second rate, which is a stabilizing influence, is not recalculated every year, and is applied to cash flows more than 15 years from the date of trial.

The Ontario discount rates are net of inflation. The method specifies that the discount rate for the first 15-year period is the average of Government of Canada long-term real return bonds, quoted on the last Wednesday of each of the six months March through August, less a 0.5 percent allowance for the liquidity premium on real return bonds, owing to their small market. This calculated rate cannot be less than 0 percent and is rounded to the nearest 1/10 percent. For the period after 15 years, the net discount rate is set at 2.5 percent.

The CIA assists Ontario’s Ministry of the Attorney General by performing three independent calculations of the discount rate before it is promulgated.

Beyond Ontario

However, beyond this role, the CIA has also proactively reached out to other jurisdictions in Canada on the issue of mandated interest rates. In particular, in 2013, the CIA reached out to nine provincial and territorial governments, pointing out that nominal rates of return and inflation had declined substantially since those jurisdictions had first introduced mandated interest rates in the early 1980s. The CIA has also made full submissions to two provinces, BC and Nova Scotia, as part of those provinces’ review of their mandated discount rates. The submissions made the following recommendations:

  • Introduce a formula-based approach and an automatic "periodic reset" of the mandated discount rates, similar to the annual process in Ontario;
  • Adopt a stepped rate format, similar to that in Ontario, to replace the level rate format currently in place;
  • Carefully consider the structure and number of mandated rates. For example, consider whether it is best to mandate discount rates net of inflation as present, or instead mandate a nominal inflation rate and a separate inflation assumption.

Given the importance of mandated interest rates to the operation of the civil justice system and the insurance system, the CIA has good reason to be involved in the issue of mandated interest rates.

Craig A. Allen, FCIA, is Chair of the CIA’s Actuarial Evidence Committee.


The latest issue of Seeing Beyond Risk examines how insurance companies respond to catastrophes, using the Fort McMurray wildfire, the most costly natural disaster in Canadian history for insurers, as a case study.

Kathy Lillico, vice-president, claims, at The Co-operators, discusses on-the-ground support for clients, covering out-of-pocket expenses in a catastrophic situation, and how the work of actuaries, particularly through reinsurance, diversifies financial risk and stabilizes underwriting results.

Seeing Beyond Risk is the CIA’s quarterly electronic publication, featuring contributions from well-known names in actuarial science and experts in the field, writing about topics suggested and honed by the CIA Editorial Panel, readers, and Institute members.

We are sure you will find this article informative and thought-provoking, and we encourage you to distribute it among your friends and colleagues.


David F. Howe, FCIA (1966), FIA (1965), ASA (1966)

David Howe passed away in January 2016. His actuarial career included work in senior management positions in Canada and the U.S. His formal obituary indicates Mr. Howe’s desire that his obituary remember not places of work but people in the profession that he influenced or was influenced by. These people include but are not limited to Harold Clough, Dil Juneja, Jim Norton, and Jill Wagman. Mr. Howe’s volunteer experience with the CIA includes serving as a member of the Consolidated Standards of Practice Committee and the Taskforce on Pension Plan Surplus.

Quintin J. Maltby, FCIA (1965), FSA (1961)

Quintin Maltby passed away August 26, 2015 after a brief illness. Mr. Maltby graduated with a BA from the University of Toronto in 1951. He worked at North American Life Assurance Company as an actuary, information systems until his retirement in 1991.

William Waugh, FCIA (1965), FSA (1949), MAAA (1976)

William Waugh passed away in April 2016. After earning his degree in mathematics, physics, and chemistry from the University of Toronto, Mr. Waugh served as a radar officer in the Royal Navy for much of the Second World War. After the war, he joined Canada Life Assurance, and was chief actuary when he retired in 1985. He was Chair of the CIA Committee on Papers from 1975–1978.

Events News


The CIA Seminar for the Appointed Actuary, September 22–23 at the Allstream Centre in Toronto promises interesting sessions including insurance fraud detection and risk management, capital modelling, regulatory change management for medium and smaller corporations, and an update on the new life insurance capital adequacy test (LICAT).

September is a busy month of activities and festivals in Toronto, so we urge you to book your accommodation as soon as possible. Shuttle service between the DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Toronto Downtown and the Allstream Centre will be available for all delegates.

Check out the seminar web page for more details, including accommodation information.

We look forward to seeing you in Toronto!



Register today for the 2016 CIA Actuarial Evidence Seminar, September 23–24 at the St. Andrew’s Club and Conference Centre in Toronto.

Sessions will showcase current thinking on a number of challenging issues and opportunities for practitioners, including the following:

  • New Ontario auto insurance regulations;
  • Inflation in the cost of healthcare;
  • Methods to project the future educational attainment of minors;
  • The actuary's role in litigation advice;
  • Innovation and the actuary – towards a 21st-century justice system;
  • The 2016 Census and the 2011 National Household Survey;
  • Proposed standards on the use of models; and
  • Tax adjustment calculations and mortality assumptions in Ontario marital breakdown proceedings.

September is a busy month of activities and festivals in Toronto, so we urge you to book your accommodation as soon as possible. Visit our accommodation options web page.

We look forward to seeing you in Toronto!



Early-bird registration has been extended to September 23 for the upcoming 2016 In Focus Seminar: The Gathering Storm – Digital and Climate Disruptors, to be held in Montréal from October 27–28 at the Montréal Marriott Château Champlain. This event is jointly sponsored by the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS) and the CIA.

The program will foster collaboration among risk management professionals on the following topics:

  • Internet of things;
  • Big data;
  • Cyber liability;
  • Climate change;
  • Self-driving cars; and
  • Drones.

We look forward to seeing you in Montréal!

Spotlight on New Fellows


1. When and why did you become an actuary?

I wanted to be an actuary since I was in grade 8. Similar to other actuaries, I have always enjoyed mathematics and wanted to pursue something related as a career. However, my imagination only took me as far as an accountant. Luckily, my grade school had a career fair where the math faculty from the University of Waterloo hosted a booth. This was the first time I heard about being an actuary and the impact actuaries have on the financial well-being of society.

2. Who inspired you to pursue an actuarial career?

My dad inspired me to pursue this career option considering my interest in mathematics and finance. He was familiar with the actuarial career and knew it would be a great fit for me. He has been supporting and motivating me to do the best I can.

3. What was your experience of the actuarial exams? Did you experience any particular challenges?

The actuarial exam process is fairly thorough and comprehensive. This also makes the exam process very interesting because of the variety of topics. As an undergrad, I underestimated the difficulty of the exams and had trouble passing the first one. It was a good lesson, as it encouraged me to be thoroughly prepared for the exams to avoid having to retake them. After graduating from university, the biggest challenge I found was to strike the right balance between life, work, and exams.

4. How did you find the transition from being a student to becoming a young professional?

The co-op program at my university gave me an excellent start in my career as a young professional. It also helped me identify the interpersonal skills that are essential in the workplace. This made the transition very smooth from university to my first job.

5. What is your current professional role? Can you describe the type of work you’re doing?

I recently took on a new challenge at Swiss Re to lead the actuarial management department in Toronto. I am now responsible for both life and health and property and casualty (P&C) corporate actuarial functions. My team is responsible for valuation, capital planning, stress testing, and financial reporting. My favorite part of the job is talent development and management. It is very important for me to see everyone in my team succeed and achieve his or her professional goals. In addition, as a member of the executive team, I work with the senior management in the shaping and implementation of our Canadian strategy.

6. What do you enjoy most about your job?

The impact we have on helping society rebuild/recover. I have always found it easy to relate the work we do as actuaries and the direct impact we have on people. Behind all of the numbers, there are people that benefit from the products that our industry sells. We are helping build a more resilient society and this is what makes the job so fulfilling for me.

7. What are your short-term career ambitions?

My short-term career ambitions are to focus on my new role and the team. In addition, I will be spending time learning the life and health business.

8. Where do you see yourself professionally in 15 years?

Actuaries are well-positioned with a unique skill set that is highly relevant for all functions within a (re)insurance company. Professionally, I hope to continue developing my technical and leadership skills.

9. What has been your involvement with the CIA since obtaining your FCIA designation?

I am a member of the P&C Subcommittee for the Continuing Education Committee. Our subcommittee is responsible for identifying and organizing the P&C topics for the CIA meetings and webcasts.

10. What career would you follow if you weren’t an actuary?

Those who know me know I enjoy a good cup of coffee. As an alternate career, I would probably open a café with my wife. She is excellent at cooking/baking and I would be the barista.

11. What are your hobbies?

I am extremely curious and enjoy learning, so reading and travelling are some of my favourite hobbies. In addition, I love driving, music, food, and of course making coffee.

12. Where is your dream vacation destination?

My dream vacation would be to spend a month driving from Lisbon (Portugal) to Monaco (France) visiting the coastal villages along the way. I would probably be stopping along the way to take in the sights and enjoy the food. I hope to time the trip so I reach Monaco to attend the Formula 1 Grand Prix de Monaco.

13. What is your motto?

"Stay hungry. Stay foolish." – Steve Jobs 

Apundeep Lamba is senior vice-president and head, actuarial management Canada at Swiss Re.

If you would like to be featured in Spotlight on New Fellows, please contact CIA English editor Bonnie Robinson at

Volunteers on the Move

Board Updates

The membership of the following task force has been approved, effective February 1, 2016:

  • Blue Ribbon Task Force: Jacques Tremblay (Chair), Joe Nunes (Vice-chair), Rob Brown, Mark Campbell, David Congram, Micheline Dionne, Sharon Giffen, Mike Hale, Joseph Kazibwe, Marie-Hélène Malenfant, Bernard Morency, Daniel Pellerin, Rob Stapleford, and Marc Tardif.

The task force’s mandate is to provide recommendations on the following: 

  • Managing the advocacy process;
  • Engaging the CIA membership in the process to develop public policy input;
  • Developing an approved process to deliver public policy input to governments;
  • Aligning research with the development of public policy input;
  • Fitting single topic task forces into the CIA structure;
  • Changing the Policy on the Approval of Public Positions; and
  • Considering changes to CIA bylaws 19.01 and 19.02. 

The membership of the following task force has been approved: 

  • Task Force on Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Review: Rob Stapleford (Chair), Jeremy Bell, Bob Boeckner, Jonathan Bondy, Maxime-Frédéric Brochu-Leclair, René Delsanne, Allen Hornung, Dean Newell, Marc Tardif, Rémi Villeneuve, and Lisa Zwicker.

The membership of the following councils for 2016–2017 has been approved, effective July 1, 2016:

  • Eligibility and Education Council: Rémi Villeneuve (Chair), Barb Addie (Board liaison), Jeremy Bell, Mathieu Boudreault, Alana Farrell, Thomas Hinton, Terrence Narine , and Kim Young;
  • International Relations Council: Dave Pelletier (Chair), Jacques Tremblay (Vice-chair), Tom Ault, Robert Berendsen, Réjean Besner, Jim Christie, Mike Hafeman, Jason Malone, Robert McKay, Guillaume Turcotte, and Jason Vary (Board liaison);
  • Member Services Council: Marie-Hélène Malenfant, (Chair), Patrick Chamberland (Board liaison), Stephen Cheng, Peter Douglas, Neil Duffy, Benoit Miclette, Ralph Ovsec, Nari Persad, Martin Roy, Yeh Ching Seto, and Anne St-Martin; and
  • Practice Council: Pierre Dionne (Chair), Faisal Siddiqi (Vice-chair), Jacques Boudreau, Rachel Dutil, Kathryn Hyland, Minaz Lalani (Board liaison), and Michael Williams.

The following people have been appointed to the committees or panels named below:

  • Committee on Professional Conduct: Douglas Brooks (Chair), Stephen Eadie (Vice-chair), Richard Béliveau, Stephen Butterfield, Luc Dionne, Sym Gill (not enrolled in the CIA), Maryse Larouche, Pierre Laurin, Louis Martin, Jean-Claude Primeau, and Rob Stapleford (ex officio);
  • Elections Committee: Simon Curtis (Chair), François Boulanger, Christiane Bourassa, Michel Giguère, Pierre Lepage, Marc-André Melançon, Joseph Nunes, Jacques Tremblay, and Mercy Yan, effective June 27, 2016;
  • Governance Committee: Sharon Giffen (Chair), David Congram, Alan Cooke, Pierre-Yves Julien, and Minaz Lalani, effective July 1, 2016.
  • Human Resources, Finance and Audit Committee: John Dark (Chair), Richard Gauthier, Denise Lang, Karen Lockridge, and Jason Vary, effective July 1, 2016;
  • Risk Committee: Richard Gauthier (Chair), Sharon Giffen, and John Dark, effective July 1, 2016; and
  • Tribunal Panel: David Short (Chair), Simon Curtis, (Vice-chair), Gilles Dufresne, Normand Gendron, Neville Henderson, Guy Martel, Jean-Louis Massé, Daniel Murphy, Philip Pothier, Allan Shapira, William Solomon, Michel St-Germain, Bill Weiland, and Nancy Yake, effective July 1, 2016.

The following people have completed their term with the councils and committees named below, and leave with thanks:

  • Committee on Professional Conduct: François Boulanger, Claude Lockhead, Bonnie Lysyk, and Jacques Tremblay;
  • Elections Committee: Stephen Bonnar, Jacques Lafrance, and Dennis Schettler;
  • Eligibility and Education Council: Joel Cohen, Angelita Graham, Deborah McMillan, Maxime-Frédéric Brochu-Leclair, and Bruno Gagnon; and
  • International Relations Council: Geoffrey Melbourne (Vice-chair) and Catherine Robertson, effective June 30, 2016.

The Blue Ribbon Task Force has been disbanded with thanks.

Eligibility and Education Council

The following people have been appointed to the (sub)committees named below:

  • Committee on Continuing Education: Jeremy Bell (Chair), Deborah McMillan, and Alison Rose, effective July 1, 2016.
    • Webcast Champions Subcommittee: Deborah McMillan (Chair), effective July 1, 2016; and
    • Corporate Life and Health Subcommittee: Alison Rose (Chair), effective July 1st, 2016.

A Committee on Professionalism has been created with Liam McFarlane (Chair) and Micheline Dionne, Angelita Graham, Jamie Jocsak, Stella-Ann Ménard, and Jean-Paul Aubry as members.

The following people have completed their term with the (sub)committees named below, and leave with thanks:

  • Committee on Continuing Education: Deborah McMillan (Chair) and Joan Strothard;
    • Corporate Life and Health Subcommittee: Joan Strothard (Chair);
  • Accreditation Committee: Peter Muirhead (Chair);
  • CIA Exam 6 Canada Syllabus Committee: Justin Pursaga; and
  • Academic Relations Committee: Sheldon Lin (Chair), Taehan Bae, Claudia Gagné, Patrick Kavanagh, Denis Latulippe, Christiane Lemieux, Jeffrey Pai, and Barbara Sanders.

The Academic Relations Committee has been disbanded with thanks.

The Social Insurance and Workers' Compensation Subcommittee of the Committee on Continuing Education has been disbanded with thanks.

Member Services Council

The following people have been appointed to the (sub)committees named below:

  • Volunteer Management and Development Committee: Claire Bilodeau (Chair), Jean-François Lalonde (Vice-chair), and Rob Stapleford, effective July 1, 2016;
  • Pension Advisory Committee: Mazen Shakeel, effective June 14, 2016;
  • Research Committee: Ben Marshall, effective July 19, 2016; 
    • Segregated Fund Experience Subcommittee: Yan Decelles (Vice-chair), effective July 19, 2016; and
  • Climate Change and Sustainability Committee: Minnie Green, effective August 22, 2016.

The following people have completed their term with the committees named below, and leave with thanks:

  • Pension Advisory Committee: Kari Holdsworth, effective June 7, 2016;
  • Volunteer Management and Development Committee: Minnie Green, effective July 1, 2016;
  • Research Committee: Rob Brown, effective August 10, 2016; and
  • Climate Change and Sustainability Committee: Denise Cheung, Kirill Semin, and Betty-Jo Walke, effective August 22, 2016.